Yuanming Yuan Travel Tips

On August 5, 2011, in Beijing, Historical Relics, More Places of Interest, Travel Info, by Jack Li

 Yuanming Yuan is located in Handian District, which is the west suburb of Beijing; it is very close to Summer Palace. Yuanming Yuan was first built in 1709 by Emperor Kangxi and consists of three main parts: Yuanming Yuan, Garden of Everlasting Spring and Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons. There are over 100 garden […]

 Yuanming Yuan is located in Handian District, which is the west suburb of Beijing; it is very close to Summer Palace. Yuanming Yuan was first built in 1709 by Emperor Kangxi and consists of three main parts: Yuanming Yuan, Garden of Everlasting Spring and Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons. There are over 100 garden views in Yuanming Yuan and the total area is 160,000 square meters. Yuanming Yuan is a large royal palatial garden bulit by emperors in Qing dynasty, spaning over 150 years. In October 1860, Yuanming Yuan was ransacked and burnt down by anglo-french allied armies, which became a humiliation in modern history of China.

Best time to visit Yuanming Yuan

All the year round

Yuanming Yuan Tickets

Tickets fot the main entrance: ticket offices are located at the palace gate of Yichun Yuan and the east gate of Changchun Yuan

  •  Adults: 10 yuan ;Half price: 5 yuan, students (please present student’s identity card); the old between the age of 60 to 70(present older cards or identity cards);
  • Free ticket: children under 1.2 meters; active army, disabled soldiers, families of martyr (present valid identification); the handicapped(present hanicapped certificate); local oldsters over 65 years old, nolocal oldsters over 70 or temination(present older cards, temination cards or identity cards);
  • Monthly ticket: 15 yuan foe each person each month ( on 1st to 5th day of every month, you can transact the ticket at the ticket office at Yichun Yuan, take your own picture and the base plate of monthly ticket);

European palaces sites(including Da Shui Fa, Exhibition Building and Maze)

  • Adult: 15 yuan
  • Half price: 5 yuan, students (present student’s identity card);
  • Free ticket: children under 1.2 meters; temination (present the temination card);

The panorama model exhibition of Yuanming Yuan in prosperous times 

How to get to Yuanming Yuan

  1. By subway
  • Subway line 4: get out from Exit B at Yuanming Yuan Station
  1. By bus
  • Bus No.320: Beijing west railway station–Xiyuan
  • Bus No.628: Dong bei wang zhong lu –Ganlu yuan
  • Bus No.697: Cai hu ying qiao dong—Yihe shan zhuang
  • Bus No.801: Qi jia fen—Yi he yuan bei gong men
  • Bus No.6: Beijing west railway station—Han jia chuan

Main routes to the east gate of Changchun yuan (Garden of Everlasting Spring)

  • Bus No. 664: subway Ping guo yuan Station—suburban railway Shangdi Station
  • Bus No.4: Qianmen—Guofang daxue
  • Bus No.982: the south square of Beijing west railway station—Xi bei wang bei
  • Routes to the palace gate of Yi Chun Yuan
  • Bus No. 319, 331, 432, 438, 498, 664, 690, 696, 826.

Routes to the east gate of Chang Chun Yuan

Bus No. 365,432, 656, 681, 717, 743, 814,963

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European Palaces

On August 5, 2011, in Beijing, Historical Relics, More Places of Interest, by Jack Li

The empire of Qing Dynasty, in search of various ways of having fun, introduced a block of traditional Chinese style and Europe style of garden buildings called European Palaces in the northern part of Garden of Eternal Spring. The European Palaces is composed of over ten buildings and courtyards, among which are popular Harmonious Wonder, […]

The empire of Qing Dynasty, in search of various ways of having fun, introduced a block of traditional Chinese style and Europe style of garden buildings called European Palaces in the northern part of Garden of Eternal Spring. The European Palaces is composed of over ten buildings and courtyards, among which are popular Harmonious Wonder, Line Bridge, Ten Thousand Flowers Array, and Cage for Sparrow, Belvedere, Palace of Calm Sea, Yuanying Guan, Big Fountain, Guanshui Fountain, Xianfa Mountain and Xianfa Wall.

It began to be constructed in 1747 and was almost finished in 1759. It was designed and instructed by western missionary Lang Shining, Jiang Youren and Wang Zhicheng, and built by Chinese craftsmen. Though the building style is the “Baroque Style” which appears in the late stage of European Renaissance and the garden style is the “Le notre Style”, it also integrates a lot of traditional Chinese techniques into the construction of the garden and the building decorates. The building materials are mainly white marble stones, the surfaces of which are carefully elaborated and the roofs are all covered by glazed tiles. The main body of the European Palaces is the artificial fountain, which was called “Shuifa” at that time. The “Shuifa” is famous for its large number, imposing manner, and unique concept. It mainly forms into Harmonious Wonder, Palace of Calm Sea and Big Fountain large fountain groups. 

The area of European Palaces accounts for less than 1/50 of the whole area of the three palaces of Yuanming Yuan. Though it is only a small part of Yuanming Yuan, it is successful in imitating a European style garden. This magnificent feat plays an important part in the history of cultural exchange on the palaces between east and west and it also arouses warm backlash in Europe. One western missionary who had seen Yuanming Yuan praised the European Palaces expressing: “it is the embodiment of all the beautiful and interesting places, and it also concludes all kinds of magnificent and unique fountains that one can imagine.” He even went as far as to say “The biggest one of these fountains can keep pace with the fountains in Palace of Versailles and Church of St.Cross.” The missionary concluded that Yuanming Yuan is the Chinese Palace of Versailles.

Yuanming Yuan

Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons

On August 5, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Beijing, Parks & Gardens, by Jack Li

The Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons was originally the official mansion of Yin Prinz, and then to scholar Fu Heng. It was constructed in the latter years of Kangxi Emperor and transformed into Imperial Garden in the 35 years of Qianlong, named Elegant Spring Garden. Initially the area did not include the western east […]

The Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons was originally the official mansion of Yin Prinz, and then to scholar Fu Heng. It was constructed in the latter years of Kangxi Emperor and transformed into Imperial Garden in the 35 years of Qianlong, named Elegant Spring Garden.

Initially the area did not include the western east part of it. In the forth and sixth year of Jiaqing, two granted palaces were brought into the west part of this palace: one was the Xishuang Country of Chengqin Prinz, Yong Xing and another was the Hanhui Palace of Zhuangjin Heshuo Princess. After large scale of reconstruction, progress and addition, the palace taking a structure over one thousand mu, became one of the important imperial palaces.

Until the Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons was completed, the Yuanming Yuan was in his full bloom. First during Jiaqing period there was a poem “thirty sceneries of the Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons” and then there newly arose over twenty sceneries. At that time the famous ones were Fuchun Hall, Qingxia Fast, Hanqiu Pavilion, Shengdong Shi, and Studio for Four Seasons, Chunze Fast Fenglin Zhou, Weizao Hall, Zhonghe Hall, Pavilion of Green,

Bamboo Grove, Xiyu Shan Hall, Pavalion of Mist and Rain, Hanhui Lou, Chengxin Tang, Changhe Tang, Zhanqing Lofty, Zhangliang Shed, Lingxu Pavalion. There are over one hundred garden buildings which have tablets on them. The gate of Elegant Spring Garden was built in the fourteenth year of Jiaqing(1809). The palace gate was called “New Palace Gate” and kept until now, for it was constructed more than half a century than the first and second palace gate of Yuanming Yuan. Since the beginning of Daoguang, after the reconstruction, the Fuchun Tang area along the east road had been a place for waiting upon empress dowager; while the area along the west road had been living area for Daoguang Emperor. In 1860, the palace was destroyed and after this it changed name into Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons when rebuilt during the period of Tongzhi Emperor.

Yanglou Area and Changchun Palace take up an area of one thousand mu. There are 200 garden building having tablets on them.

Yuanming Yuan 

Yuanming Yuan

On August 5, 2011, in Beijing, Historical Relics, More Places of Interest, Must-sees, by Jack Li

Yuanming Yuan is located in the northwest suburb of Beijing since Qing dynasty. In 1709, Emperor Kangxi bestowed it to his 4th son Yinzhen (who later became Emperor Yongzheng) and named it “Yuanming Yuan”. With the elaborate operation of five emperors Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang and Xianfeng, who had centralized a great deal of material […]

Yuanming Yuan is located in the northwest suburb of Beijing since Qing dynasty. In 1709, Emperor Kangxi bestowed it to his 4th son Yinzhen (who later became Emperor Yongzheng) and named it “Yuanming Yuan”. With the elaborate operation of five emperors Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang and Xianfeng, who had centralized a great deal of material resources, used countless skilled craftmen, and made uncountable labourors devote their blood and sweat to the project, finally Yuanming Yuan became a magnificent and beautiful resting palace.

When it came to midsummer, Qing emperors would come to spend the summer, go to court and handle military-political affairs in Yuanming Yuan, and so in the past, it was also called “Summer Palace”. Yuanming Yuan stretches 10 kilometers, consisting of Yuanming Yuan, Wanchun Yuan and Changchun Yuan. Yuanming Yuan is the biggest of them all; hence the entire scenic location was named after it. In addition, there are many accessory gardens distributed between the south, west and south of Yuanming Yuan. For example, Jingyi yuan in Fragrance Hill, Jingming Yuan and Qingyi Yuan in Yuquan Hill. The total area of Yuanming Yuan is over 5000 mou (335 hectares).

Yuanming Yuan has not only collected many famous scenic parks in regions south of the Yangtze River, but also transplanted western garden architecture. Therefore the garden embodies garden art from China and all over the world from the past and the present. There are magnificent palaces, exquisite airy pavilions and pagodas; “Business Streets”that symbolizes bustling markets, “Mountain Villa” that symbolizes the scenery of countryside; autumn moon over the calm lake and leifeng pagoda in evening glow that imitate the west lake of Hangzhou; famous scenic sites that imitates the lion forest garden in Suzhou; archtectures that were built by imitating poetic and artistic imagination of ancient poets and painters, such as the immortal abode on Penglai island and spring scenery in Wuling. It is observed that Yuanming Yuan is not only the crystallization of wisdom and sweat of Chinese labourers, but also the paradigm of Chinese archtecural art and culture. What’s more, Yuanming Yuan has treasured countless priceless assets, rare anicent records and precious historical relics such as painting and calligraphy in successive dynasties, gold, silver and jewelry, as well as porcelain in Song and Yuan Dynasty. Therefore, Yuanming Yuan is considered the thesaurus of human culture and one of the biggest museums in the world.

Yuanming Yuan is a large garden created by manual work, awe-inspring in size and design. Piling up hills and laying out waters in flats, refining garden architecture, diffusely planting trees and flowers make Yuanming Yuan an amazing sight. Continuous massifs, flexuose water level, pavilions, winding corridors, isles, and dike bridges cut the vast space into hundreds of scenery groups with hills and waters. The water space takes up two fifth area of Yuanming Yuan. Waters that were excavated in flats by manual work, collected in series to a complete water network by winding watercourses. There stands 250 artificial mounds, conjoining water systems and forming garden space. Fundamentally, Yuanming Yuan is a beautifully graceful region of rivers and lakes in southern China.

Yuanming Yuan Attractions

Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons

European palaces

Yuanming Yuan Story

Penglai Yao Tai (an immortal abode on Penglai Island)

Penglai Yao Tai in Fuhai is based on the fairytale The Island of The Blessed, whose old name is Penglai Zhou. According to the legend Qin Shi Huang ( the first Emperor of Qin Dynasty) once sent a man named Xufu to lead a thousand young boys and girls to take a sea-voyage eastward, in an attempt to look for a fairyland for him. However, it cannot be anything but “voyagers talk about Yingzhou. Mists and billows are vague, so it is hard to reach the destination”.

As a result, Emperor Yongzheng ordered craftsmen to pile up three islands with rocks in the east lake of Yuanming Yuan, symbolizing the Penglai, Yingzhou and Fangzhang legend. They built airy pavilions and pagodas on the islands, which looked like five gold temples with jade floors.

Based on the implied meaning of “Xufu seek in the sea”, East Lake was named “Fuhai”. The sea is surrounded by over ten beautiful garden sites. Fuhai is six hundred meters wide; with a total area of 35 hectares. If you include the surrounding water areas, the area is equivalent to the water area of Beihai Park. The surface of the water is wide, allowing for large-scale dragon boat race activities to be held on dragon boat festival every year.On the evening of July 15th, Qing emperors would come here to enjoy the sight of floating river lanterns. In winter, when the lake was frozen, emperors would roam on Fuhai by sled. In fact, Fuhai is the water amusement center of Yuanming Yuan.

Yuanming Yuan

On July 27, 2011, in Beijing, Historical Relics, Parks & Gardens, by Jack Li

Yuanming Yuan is located in the northwest suburb of Beijing since Qing dynasty. In 1709, Emperor Kangxi bestowed it to his 4th son Yinzhen (who later became Emperor Yongzheng) and named it “Yuanming Yuan”. With the elaborate operation of five emperors Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang and Xianfeng, who had centralized a great deal of material […]

Yuanming Yuan is located in the northwest suburb of Beijing since Qing dynasty. In 1709, Emperor Kangxi bestowed it to his 4th son Yinzhen (who later became Emperor Yongzheng) and named it “Yuanming Yuan”. With the elaborate operation of five emperors Yongzheng, Qianlong, Jiaqing, Daoguang and Xianfeng, who had centralized a great deal of material resources, used countless skilled craftmen, and made uncountable labourors devote their blood and sweat to the project, finally Yuanming Yuan became a magnificent and beautiful resting palace.

When it came to midsummer, Qing emperors would come to spend the summer, go to court and handle military-political affairs in Yuanming Yuan, and so in the past, it was also called “Summer Palace”. Yuanming Yuan stretches 10 kilometers, consisting of Yuanming Yuan, Wanchun Yuan and Changchun Yuan. Yuanming Yuan is the biggest of them all; hence the entire scenic location was named after it. In addition, there are many accessory gardens distributed between the south, west and south of Yuanming Yuan. For example, Jingyi yuan in Fragrance Hill, Jingming Yuan and Qingyi Yuan in Yuquan Hill. The total area of Yuanming Yuan is over 5000 mou (335 hectares).

Yuanming Yuan has not only collected many famous scenic parks in regions south of the Yangtze River, but also transplanted western garden architecture. Therefore the garden embodies garden art from China and all over the world from the past and the present. There are magnificent palaces, exquisite airy pavilions and pagodas; “Business Streets”that symbolizes bustling markets, “Mountain Villa” that symbolizes the scenery of countryside; autumn moon over the calm lake and leifeng pagoda in evening glow that imitate the west lake of Hangzhou; famous scenic sites that imitates the lion forest garden in Suzhou; archtectures that were built by imitating poetic and artistic imagination of ancient poets and painters, such as the immortal abode on Penglai island and spring scenery in Wuling. It is observed that Yuanming Yuan is not only the crystallization of wisdom and sweat of Chinese labourers, but also the paradigm of Chinese archtecural art and culture. What’s more, Yuanming Yuan has treasured countless priceless assets, rare anicent records and precious historical relics such as painting and calligraphy in successive dynasties, gold, silver and jewelry, as well as porcelain in Song and Yuan Dynasty. Therefore, Yuanming Yuan is considered the thesaurus of human culture and one of the biggest museums in the world.

Yuanming Yuan is a large garden created by manual work, awe-inspring in size and design. Piling up hills and laying out waters in flats, refining garden architecture, diffusely planting trees and flowers make Yuanming Yuan an amazing sight. Continuous massifs, flexuose water level, pavilions, winding corridors, isles, and dike bridges cut the vast space into hundreds of scenery groups with hills and waters. The water space takes up two fifth area of Yuanming Yuan. Waters that were excavated in flats by manual work, collected in series to a complete water network by winding watercourses. There stands 250 artificial mounds, conjoining water systems and forming garden space. Fundamentally, Yuanming Yuan is a beautifully graceful region of rivers and lakes in southern China.

Yuanming Yuan Attractions

Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons

European palaces

Yuanming Yuan Story

Penglai Yao Tai (an immortal abode on Penglai Island)

Penglai Yao Tai in Fuhai is based on the fairytale The Island of The Blessed, whose old name is Penglai Zhou. According to the legend Qin Shi Huang ( the first Emperor of Qin Dynasty) once sent a man named Xufu to lead a thousand young boys and girls to take a sea-voyage eastward, in an attempt to look for a fairyland for him. However, it cannot be anything but “voyagers talk about Yingzhou. Mists and billows are vague, so it is hard to reach the destination”.

As a result, Emperor Yongzheng ordered craftsmen to pile up three islands with rocks in the east lake of Yuanming Yuan, symbolizing the Penglai, Yingzhou and Fangzhang legend. They built airy pavilions and pagodas on the islands, which looked like five gold temples with jade floors.

Based on the implied meaning of “Xufu seek in the sea”, East Lake was named “Fuhai”. The sea is surrounded by over ten beautiful garden sites. Fuhai is six hundred meters wide; with a total area of 35 hectares. If you include the surrounding water areas, the area is equivalent to the water area of Beihai Park. The surface of the water is wide, allowing for large-scale dragon boat race activities to be held on dragon boat festival every year.On the evening of July 15th, Qing emperors would come here to enjoy the sight of floating river lanterns. In winter, when the lake was frozen, emperors would roam on Fuhai by sled. In fact, Fuhai is the water amusement center of Yuanming Yuan.

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