Kanas Lake (Kanasi)

On September 8, 2011, in Adventure Trip, Lakes, Modern Architecture, Mountain Areas, Must-sees, Xinjiang, by Jack Li

Kanas is a Mongolian word. It means the place of rich beauty and mystery. The Kanas Lake lies in the north of Burqin Country, 180 kilometers away from the town. The lake covers an area of 44.78 square kilometers, which is ten times larger than the well-known Bogota Lake. The deepest part of the Kanas […]

Kanas is a Mongolian word. It means the place of rich beauty and mystery. The Kanas Lake lies in the north of Burqin Country, 180 kilometers away from the town. The lake covers an area of 44.78 square kilometers, which is ten times larger than the well-known Bogota Lake. The deepest part of the Kanas Lake reaches one hundred and ninety-six meters. The lake is clear and green which allows Shadows of the surrounding mountains to be cast in the lake. In addition, colors of the Kanas Lake changes according to the different seasons and weather. The shape of the Kanas Lake is like a peasecod. There are six gulfs in the lake. Each gulf has a story. On the first gulf, there is a huge stone that looks like a sleeping sheep. The best place to appreciate the sunset is on the stage of the third gulf. The fourth gulf is terrific for finding secrets. It is said there are mysterious ‘monsters’ there. To the north of the lake is the delta where there are swamps and wetland.  It is open and wide there surrounded by grass and trees. On the upper stream of the lake, there is a small island. It is very beautiful in autumn. The forest there is the only area which belongs to southern Siberian Vegetation belt. There are so many precious plants in the area like larches, Korean pines, spruces and firs. Other creatures included thirty-nine types of animals, one hundred and seventeen sorts of birds, four kinds of amphibians and reptiles and more than three hundred species of insects. Fish in the lake are very special, for example; Hucho salmon, Jiang cod, Altai sturgeon Altai, Siberia oblique fish and so on. The Hucho salmon is very big. Usually they are two to three meters long and over a hundred kilograms weight. The appearance of fish is a bit red, so it is also called Red fish. Some experts say that the so-called lake monster is just a Hucho salmon.

Kanas Lake story attractions

Changdi Dam

Cloud Sea with Buddhism Light

The Lake That Changes Colors

Tuvas Village

Moon Gulf

Kanas Lake story

1.  Kanas Lake Monsters

Kanas Lake is a beautiful and mysterious alpine lake, which is in the deep forest of the Altai Mountains. It is well known not only because of its nice landscape, but also because of the lake monsters. It is said by the local villagers that, there are huge monsters in the Kanas Lake which were able to spray frogs and move clouds. From ancient times, these monsters keep on appearing. The monsters often ate cows, sheep and horses along the lake bank. In recent years, a lot of tourists and science researchers have been to the top of the mountain to see what these monsters really are. What they saw were a bunch of black creatures swimming slowly in the lake. After some deep research, it turned out that those monsters are red fish. The red fish is a species that can live in the cold deep water for more than 200 years. Their movement is not normal. So it is hard for fishermen to follow their tracks.

2.  Bamboo Flute Song
It is said that every night when it is very quiet and the moon has risen, there is always nice music coming out from the lake. That’s because there used to be a handsome young shepherd. He was very good at playing the bamboo flute. One day, he met a pretty princess who was a great singer at the same time. They fell in love with each other at first sight. The princess’ father was strongly against them together. He asked the young man many hard questions, but he answered them correctly one by one. Then the king had the worst idea. He asked the young man to encircle the whole lake within one day which was impossible. That was more than one hundred kilometers and the road was not flat. There are many violent wild animals in the forests. When the young man heard this requirement, he did not say anything. He took the challenge on bravely for his loved one. The king was happy as he knew that he would not succeed. The princess was worried about his father’s conspiracy. She walked into the forest from the other side immediately. They met each other at the road of the lake after one day of walking. Then they lived happily ever after. From then on, villagers near the lake could hear songs played by the bamboo flute. That was the young man. He did it each night for the princess.

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The Flaming Mountain

On September 8, 2011, in Adventure Trip, Mountain Areas, Popular Provinces, Tours, Travel Info, Xinjiang, by Jack Li

Located in the north of Turpan Basin, namely the north road of the Silk Road,the Flaming Mountain is one of most famous scenic spot in Turpan, Xinjiang. In the language of Uyghur, the Flaming Mountain means the Kizil Tag or Red Mountain, while people in ancient Tang Dynasty gave it the name of Flaming Mountain […]

Located in the north of Turpan Basin, namely the north road of the Silk Road,the Flaming Mountain is one of most famous scenic spot in Turpan, Xinjiang. In the language of Uyghur, the Flaming Mountain means the Kizil Tag or Red Mountain, while people in ancient Tang Dynasty gave it the name of Flaming Mountain because its ground surface temperature was always very hot. The length of the mountain measures over 100 km, and the widest place is up to 10 km wide. The average height of the mountain reaches about 500 m with the main peak measuring 831.7 m in height. No plants could ever grow on this hot mountain, there is even no birds flying up above it. In summer, when the sun shines high up in the sky, the waves of desert heat and mirages dance on the red ridge that is furrowed by parallel gullies. So it does look like a wall of flames especially in the afternoons in a red sky. No wonder people all think of the Flaming Mountain as the hottest place in China, the highest temperature can reach 47.8℃ and thegroud surface temperature can be higher than 70 ℃, you can almost have eggs baked there. Due to the crustal movement and the river flowing in the old times, many valleys slowly took its shape down the mountain, including Taor Valley, Mutou Valley,Tuyoq Valley, Subo Valley and so on. In these valleys you can see beauty full scenery with trees, streams and fruits. The natural outlook of the Flaming Mountain is unique and special, what’s more, in the household novel—Journey to the West written by ChengEn Wu in the Ming Dynasty, the mountain is an important place where the main character Tang Sangzang and the Monkey King fight against the King Bull and his wife the Princess of Iron Fan. When visitors come to the mountain area, they can still see the stone post hanging in the air which was once used by Tang Sangzang to tie his horse. To the east of the post there is a huge stone looking like a giant snout, people call it the Pigsy Stone. There are many old legendary stories make this mountain unique, attractive and with lots of room for wild imagination. You can see the big ridge from anywhere, and if you are driving along Road G312 that follows the Flaming Mountains at the base going east and west, you can ask your driver to stop at some quiet place where you can have a walk and take photographs in some solitude.

The Flaming Mountain Stories:

1.           The first story about the Flaming Mountain is about a well-known novel called Journey to the West and the popular TV series adapted from the novel. In the novel there are five leading characters, the Monk named Tang Sangzang, his three disciples and his horse. The monk and his disciples, escorted by the Monkey King, are on their way over the Himalayas to India to take back the Buddhist scriptures when they are blocked by the Flaming Mountain, an impassable mountain range. The Monkey King realizes that the only way through is to borrow the indestructible magic fan from the Iron Fan Princess. The Princess, however, angry with the Monkey King for having sent her son to be a disciple of the Goddess of Mercy, refuses to lend him the fan. A fight between them breaks out. Failing to snatch the magic fan, the Monkey King, master of a thousand

transformations, turns himself into a fly. When the Iron Fan Princess drinks from a cup, the Monkey King leaps into the cup and is swallowed. Tumbling inside her stomach and causing terrible pains, monkey forces the Princess to relent and lend him the fan. Only in this way did the the monk and his disciples travel through the hot Flaming Mountain.

2.          The secondary story about the Flaming Mountain can also be found in the novel Journey to the West. When the Monkey King aroused a great havoc in the Heaven, he kicked down the Eight Trigrams Furnace, which was used to concoct pills of immortality by Lord Lao Zi of the Great Monad. Several pieces of coal fell from the heaven down to the earth and landed in Turpan, thus forming the Flaming Mountain. The mountain was on fire then, the Monkey King borrowed a special fan from the Princess of Iron Fan to put out the flames, so the Flaming Mountain came into being.

3.         The third story about the Flaming Mountain is a folk tale of Uighur people. The legend holds that once there was an evil dragon hidden in the deep Mt. Tianshan who was feed for young boys and girls. The ruler of that time ordered Khara-khoja to get rid of the dragon. After a life-and-death fighting, the great hero Khara-khoja killed the dragon in Qijiaojing northeast of Turpan. During the fight, the wounded dragon tried to escape to the west area, his blood made the whole mountain red and hot, therefore, the Uyghur people called this mountain the Red Mountain, which is also known to us all as the Flaming Mountain.

The Heaven Pool

On September 8, 2011, in China Attractions, Cool Places, Must-sees, Nature Scenery, Xinjiang, by Jack Li

The Heaven Pool is dotted on the mountainside of the Bogda Peak, the highest peak in the east chain of the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang Province. The average sea level elevation there is 1928 meters. Renowned for its cultural value and picturesque lake scene, the Heaven Pool was named as one of the first main […]

The Heaven Pool is dotted on the mountainside of the Bogda Peak, the highest peak in the east chain of the Tianshan Mountains in Xinjiang Province. The average sea level elevation there is 1928 meters. Renowned for its cultural value and picturesque lake scene, the Heaven Pool was named as one of the first main scenic spots of China in 1982.

The Heaven Pool scenic region consists of four natural scenic belt and forty attractions, with a total area of 380.69 hectares. And the main attraction, the Heaven Pool, is situated in the Tianchi scenic belt. The surface of the pool has the shape of a half moon. It is 3,400 meters long, and the widest part reaches 1,500 meters. It is surrounded by several elegant hills. In spring and summer, they are covered by verdant grass and colorful flowers. Their comely reflections on the clear water surface, with the setting of the azure sky, make together a breathtaking picture. The Heaven Pool looks just like a pearl within the magnificent Bogda Peak if you look down to it from the air. Since the water in the pool comes from the snow on the Bogda Peak, the temperature of it is relatively lower than its surrounding. Thanks to the cool water and the gentle breeze, it is very comfortable to boat on the lake in hot summer. But remember not to swim in the pool because it is actually quite deep. The deepest part of it reaches amazingly 105 meters.

To the southeast of the Heaven Pool is the towering Bogda Peak. The sea level elevation of it is 5445 meters. The main peak of it is related to two relatively lower peaks to the east and the west. The three peaks look like three sharp pens thrusting into the sky. They are all covered by gorgeous permanent snow. At the foot of them, you can find sparse trees like spruces and pines.

The Heaven Pool scenic region has become one of the most popular summer resorts in China now. Nestling on the mountainside, the glorious lake welcomes a great many visitors every day.

The Heaven Pool Attractions

The Ancient Elm Tree

The Meadow Steppe

The Snowland

The Temple of the Mother Queen of the West

The Heaven Pool Story

1.   The Legend of the Bogda Peak

It is said that, once upon a time, there was a beautiful girl named Glailis lived in the village where the Bogda Peak is located today. A ruffian in her village was fascinated by her gorgeous appearance, and harassed her every day. He even wanted to force the girl into marrying him. Glailis was so afraid that she turned herself in to a high mountain, which is the main peak of the Bogda Peak today. But the ruffian continued his evil deed; he tried to climb the mountain and kissed the girl’s face. Glailis’ two brothers then turned themselves into 2 peaks in front of the main peak, so that the road to get to the top of the main peak was blocked and the ruffian could not reach the top. However, he figured out another solution— climbing the mountain from the other side of it. When five kind-hearted young men in Glailis’ village heart about this, they were so angry that they decided to protect the girl. So they stopped the ruffian on the mountainside and fought for 49 days. The ruffian was seriously injured in the end. He turned into a wolf and ran away. But the five young men were too tired to go back to the village. They turned themselves into peaks that surround Glailis and her two brothers.

If you visit the Bogda Peak today, you will notice that there are two peaks located closely in front of the main peak. They form the famous view of “the three peaks in the Snowland” together. The three peaks are surrounded by five relatively lower peaks. They are the incarnations of Glailis, her two brothers, and the five young men. The ruffian is still wandering in that area, waiting for an opportunity to harass the girl.

2.   Yunu and the Spruce on the Western Hill

The Heaven Pool is known as a residence of the Queen Mother of the West. Rumor has it that, the Queen Mother took baths in the Heaven Pool every day. Because the limpid water in the lake comes from the snow on the Bogda Peak, it is very good for people’s skin. Thanks to the baths, the Queen Mother became slightly prettier every day. A maid of the Queen Mother called Yunu envied her beauty, and desired to bath in the Heaven Pool. One morning, the Queen Mother got up a little late than usual, and Yunu caught that opportunity. She took off her clothes and jumped into the pool. However, her furtive deed was soon discovered by the Queen Mother. She was so afraid that she picked up her clothes and tried to run away. But it was too late. The furious Queen Mother used her power to turn her into a spruce on the Western Hill beside the pool forever.

3.   The Three Rocks that Hold up the Sky

It is said that the Heaven Pool used to be the residence of many ghosts and monsters. The water in it was black and the whole pool was shrouded by dark frogs. When the Queen Mother of the West first visited the place, these ghosts and monsters were not aware of her power. They kept on stirring the lake and even broke the sky. The Queen Mother was so angry that she took off one of her shoes and threw it into the Heaven Pool. All the ghosts and monsters were locked in the shoe immediately. She then took them back to the Heavenly Palace. But before she left, she took out one of her hair clasp and broke it into three pieces. Each of the three pieces was turned into a giant rock. Together they held up the collapsed sky, and the earth became peaceful and quite again. The Three Rocks were now on the top of the Denggan Hill beside the Heaven Pool.

Sayram Lake (Sailimu Lake)

On September 8, 2011, in Lakes, Must-sees, Nature Scenery, Xinjiang, by Jack Li

The national level scenic spot Sayram Lake (simplified Chinese: 赛里木湖; traditional Chinese: 賽裡木湖; pinyin:sài lǐ mù hú; literally “Sailimu Lake”) is located in the west of Yining City, Xingjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The lake in a basin which is located in the north way of the Silk Road and it has 90km to the […]

The national level scenic spot Sayram Lake (simplified Chinese: 赛里木湖; traditional Chinese: 賽裡木湖; pinyin:sài lǐ mù hú; literally “Sailimu Lake”) is located in the west of Yining City, Xingjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The lake in a basin which is located in the north way of the Silk Road and it has 90km to the southwest of Bole City. The Urumchi – Lli Road along the south bank of the lake. The Sayralake is famous for its beautiful and mysterious natural landscape. People naming the lake “Ru Sea” in the past, the Ele Zhuoyi Tubo Wood Army Office (an organization to deliver the messages to the army) was set there in the Qing Dynasty. The lake’s elevation is 2073 meters, 30km long and 25km wide. The circumference of the lake is 90km and the water covers an area of 455-460 square kilometers. The lake is oval shape and the depth of water is 92 meters and it can store 21 billion cubic meters water. It is also the highest and the largest cold water lake in Xingjiang. In addition to some small ricers will flow into the lake, the Sayram Lake is mainly relies on the groundwater recharge. Because the lake is in a high position, it has large amount of evaporation. The mineral concentration of lake water is 3g/L and the lake belongs to the salt lake. Every winter, snow will cover the lake. The oval shape lake is to the icebergs what a glittering emerald is to soft silk floss. When summer coming, you can see a beautiful picture with the green trees formed a shade in the lakeside and many cows and sheep run in the vast grassland. The pairs of swans and ducks in water and the groups of wild gooses in the sky also catch your eyes. The lakeside is a good pasture in summer. In the end of July and the beginning of August every year, the Mongolian and Kazak herdsmen will hold the Naadam Festival there. The ten beautiful sceneries in Sayram Lake are “Golden Satin Edge,” “see the pine in Ke Mountain,” “the seven color lake,” “lovers in the middle of Sayram Lake” and so on. The Sayram Lake is a good place for spend their holidays.

Sayram Lake Attractions:

Lovers in the middle of Sayram Lake

Sayram Lake Attractions:

1. Stories about the name of Sayram Lake

The Sayram Lake has many names. Because the lake is the last place which the warm and humid air from the Atlantic Ocean passed by, and people call it “the last tear drop of the Atlantic Ocean.” The local people call the lake “Santai Haizi” instead of the Sayram Lake for the Ele Zhuoyi Tubo Wood Army Office was set there in the Qing Dynasty. The lake was naming “the Western Clear Sea” in the ancient time. The Mongolian people call it “Sayram Nur”, it means “a lake in the ridge.” “Sayram” means “peace” in Turki. The name “Sayram” is Kazakh language, it means best wishes. In a legend, the lake formed by the tears of a pair of lover, and is also called “Tianchi” or “Ru Sea.”

2. Sayram Lake

In a legend, the Sayram Lake just like a well so big and weeds around it, but the local people cherish the lake. A very dry year here, all kinds of grains were scorched. All the people prayed for rains in the early morning. One day, a shepherdess Saili and her younger brother Saimu were get water from a well and thought how to help other people to get water. Suddenly, two swans turned in the well and said to the shepherdess that if you touched the Allah, all the people will never use up the water. In order to express your sincerity, you need to bring a boy and a girl for Allah. Then the swan disappeared. Saili and her brother told the story to their father when they came back home. They thought this over and Saili and her brother decided to sacrifice themselves. The next day, Saili and her brother went to the well and said to Allah that they would love to be the boy and the girl for Allah. Then the well turned into a lake. Two islands turned in the middle of the lake. People said the two islands were Saili and his brother. From then on, people named the lake “Sayram Lake” to commemorate Saili and Saimu.

Urumqi, “in the Hearth of the Silk Road”

On June 21, 2011, in Adventure Trip, More Cities, Xinjiang, by Jack Li

The city of Urumqi is the capital of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, under the administration of People’s Republic of China, counting 2.5 million habitants. Urumqi has the characteristic to be the most inland city in the world, being the furthest location on earth from any ocean. The population is a mix of two major […]

The city of Urumqi is the capital of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region, under the administration of People’s Republic of China, counting 2.5 million habitants.

Urumqi has the characteristic to be the most inland city in the world, being the furthest location on earth from any ocean. The population is a mix of two major ethnic groups, such as the Uyghur and Han. In top of that other groups are present, for instance the city includes Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, Mongols and Hui Muslims. Moreover even if Urumqi represents a Chinese destination the main language is not mandarin, but Uyghur, a Turkic language.  Furthermore only a narrow number of people speak English, even in the major hotel Chain, so it is considered helpful to have the name of the hotel or destination written in Chinese, for this reason is always better to book a tour with China Tour especially if you are travelling for the first time to China.

Urumqi is easily accessible from almost all the main and medium size airports present in China, for more information is advised to consult the main travel toolChina Flights.

Urmuqi offers several attractions that give the opportunity to revive the past history, for a better understanding of the Xinjang culture origins. The main site that tourist cannot miss out when travelling to Urmuqi is The Xiajiang Regional Museum. The latter was firstly built in 1953; its assortment covers an area of 7,800 square meters, including a entirety collection of 50’000 items representing every single aspect of the ethnic and social life of the 12 minorities that lived in Xinjiang. The museum surprises tourists as it displays a wide collection of very well preserved corpses, dated back almost 4,000 years ago. Those bodies differ from the Egyptian mummies, (conserved by embalming procedures) as Urumqi bodies were dried by a particular natural environment. The outstanding collection in includes all type of citizens, but the most impressive is the “Loulan beauty” which has preserved his red hair, large eyes, and long hair for more than 4,000 years. Another must-see attraction in Urumqi is the Hongshan “Red Mountain”, it includes an breath-less view of the city, but also includes the Light Temple entrance which represents a Buddhist temple. The mountain also offers a cable service or a path of 14km for those more adventurous tourists, leading to the Celestial Capital Peak, that offers a unique experience “up in the clouds” and a celestial lake (see pictures).

During the past Urumqi has represented one of the main destinations of the ancient Silk Road, indeed still today the Xinjiang capital offers the traditional Islamic Market, Da Bazar also known as Erdaoqiao market situated in the downtown offering a unique market and culinary experience. The Silk Road history can also be discovered Thanks to the “Xinjiang Silk Road Museum”, which it can be found just next to the Grand Bazaar, the museum makes great use of the English language giving the opportunity to everyone to enjoy the ancient path that stretches along China.

For more information about the city capital of Urumqi, it is advised to visit China Travel, a website that provides all the necessary information.

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