Ancestral Hall of Wang

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, China Attractions, Cool Places, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Wang’s Ancestral Hall includes Xiaoyi Hall and Xiaoyi Memorial Arch, which was built for Wang Mengpeng. Xiaoyi Memerial Arch was built in the 51th year of Emperor Qianlong’s region (1786), following the imperial edict. Xiaoyi Temple was built in the first year of Emperor Jiaqing’s region (1796), which has two stories with the total area […]

Wang’s Ancestral Hall includes Xiaoyi Hall and Xiaoyi Memorial Arch, which was built for Wang Mengpeng. Xiaoyi Memerial Arch was built in the 51th year of Emperor Qianlong’s region (1786), following the imperial edict. Xiaoyi Temple was built in the first year of Emperor Jiaqing’s region (1796), which has two stories with the total area 428 square meters. There are ancestor worship hall and drama stage on upstairs; the models of Wang’s Ancestral Hall and graves, as well as a stereo statue which records the benefaction during Wang Mengpeng’s whole life are on display downstairs.

Wang’s Ancestral Hall is divided into two yards with complete functions and exquisite design. In the front of the hall, stands the elaborately caved Xiaoyi Memorial Arch. As the home where souls of Wang’s ancestor rest, the ancestralhall has attracted ten thousand of Wang’s overseas descendants to visit and worship their ancestors since 1998.  Gao’s Cliff Village, Red Door Village and Wang’s Ancestral Hall were all built during Emperor Yongzheng’ Region in Qing Dynasty. There are 123 courtyards, 1118 rooms and an area of 45000 square meters in Wang’s Ancestral Hall, which is the best preserved architecture quintessence in Wang’s Grand Courtyard. Although Wang’s great power can not coma back, the still existing Wang’s Grand Courtyard can be called a miracle in China. Just as what the world famous scholar, the professor Mr Wang Luxiang said after visiting:” Wang is a surname, surname is half a country; family is a courtyard, courtyard is half a city.”

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Jingsheng Literature Temple

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Popular Provinces, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Jingsheng Literature TempleIt has distinct northern feature and can compare favourably with literature temples in counties. Get out of Wang’s Grand Courtyard, pass by the parking lot, you can see the beautiful Kuixing Tower of Jingsheng Literature Temle in the south of the courtyard. Screen wall, Lingxing Gate, Dacheng Gate, Dacheng Hall, Qin Hall and […]

Jingsheng Literature TempleIt has distinct northern feature and can compare favourably with literature temples in counties. Get out of Wang’s Grand Courtyard, pass by the parking lot, you can see the beautiful Kuixing Tower of Jingsheng Literature Temle in the south of the courtyard.

Screen wall, Lingxing Gate, Dacheng Gate, Dacheng Hall, Qin Hall and Zunjing Pavilion are located along the axis. The architecture style of Literature Temple is mainly Yuan and Ming Dynasty style. The screen wall of Carps jumping over the dragon gate at the entrance is a relic of Yuan Dynasty. Lingxing Gate is a memorial stone archway with four pillars and it’s particularly exquisite. There are a pool and a bridge between Lingxing Gate and Dacheng Gate.

The main hall Dacheng Hall is as wide as three rooms and also as deep as three rooms. The hall has been repaired for many times, and the point of hanging it on the mountain top is still thought-provoking. Besides, Danbi Stone on the stylobate is also a relic of Yuan Dynasty. There are five halls without beams to the north of Dacheng Hall, the middle three of which were used as resting hall for the wife of teacher Zhisheng; Chongsheng Hall is to the east of Dacheng Hall, which is used to enshrine and worship Confucius; to the west, Qisheng Hall is used to enshrine Confucius parents. At the back of Wuliang Hall is Zunjing Pavilion. In addition, local public welfare granary and Confucian temples were built besides Literature Temple.

Jingsheng Literature Temple has a total area of 3500 square meters and a history of 700 hundred years. Having been repaired many times during Ming, Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, Jingsheng Literature Temple still keep the original appearance, which makes it a precious cultural heritage.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Red Door Village

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Chinese Towns & Villages, Shanxi, by Jack Li

The whole structure of Red Door Village buildings is like a city, leaning upon a tall slope from bottom to top, sitting north and embracing south. In a shape of rectangle, the buildings’ walls are standing upright, with the highest part reaching 28 meters. There are 88 yards, 776 rooms in the village, taking an […]

The whole structure of Red Door Village buildings is like a city, leaning upon a tall slope from bottom to top, sitting north and embracing south. In a shape of rectangle, the buildings’ walls are standing upright, with the highest part reaching 28 meters. There are 88 yards, 776 rooms in the village, taking an area of 25000 square meters. It is built during the period of the forth year of Qianlong Emperor (in 1739) and the prosperous period of Wang family, the 58th of Qianlong Emperor (in 1793).

There is a Chinese word “Wang” in the general sculpt. Wang families through this way leave their family name on this land. According to the local ideas, the Red Door Village is the image of dragon- the upholding village top is the dragon head while the two water wells in the west and east are the dragon eyes. It is said the vertical stroke in Wang through south and north is the main body of the dragon while the road surface paved by cobbles is dragon scale. The small alleys in front of the yard are dragon claws while the cypress facing afar to the red door is the dragon tail. Most of the yards are quadrangle dwellings with halls and rooms. Located in the east alley of third first, the magnificent green door yard is one of the places which travelers feast their eyes.

In the quadrangle dwellings, the Sima Courtyard usually called “Monster Courtyard” is the first yard along the east of second first west alley, where used to live Wang Yande. The mansion is named “Sima” for its host takes official position “Zhou Sima” and there is a tablet with scripture “Sima” written on it. The yard is beautifully arranged in the layout and separated into four delicate yards, which all connected as well as independent. The top first yard of Red Door Village has four gardens, which all suit to local conditions, forming the structure with gardens in the front and yards in the back. During every spring and summer, the grasses are green and the gorgeous flowers are in blossom with birds singing on the tree and fish swimming around. Travelers are not willing to leave this natural and comfortable place when they have a rest here.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Gao Cliff

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Popular Provinces, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Gao’s Cliff began to be built in the first year of Jiaqing Emperor (1796) and finished in the sixteenth year of Jiaqing Emperor (1811), which takes almost 20 years. The building accounts for 11728 square meters, with 26 courtyards and 218 rooms. It is constructed by the seventeenth generation of Wang family, Wang Rucong and […]

Gao’s Cliff began to be built in the first year of Jiaqing Emperor (1796) and finished in the sixteenth year of Jiaqing Emperor (1811), which takes almost 20 years. The building accounts for 11728 square meters, with 26 courtyards and 218 rooms. It is constructed by the seventeenth generation of Wang family, Wang Rucong and Wang Rucheng and it is also the last large-scale building built by Jingsheng Wang family.

There are four typical features of Gao’s Cliff building. The first one is that it builds upon the mountain, sitting north and facing south, fronting water and with hills on the back. The whole buildings are well ordered according to the shape of the mountain, so there is enough light and great ventilation. The buildings and mountains bring out the best in each other. The second feature is that the layout of the buildings follows the Xizhou Dynasty style with halls in the front and bedrooms in the back, which has colorful space and high reliability, fully reflecting the class difference in feudal society. The third feature of Gao’s Cliff is its magnificence and complete function symmetry along the axle wire, showing a middle course of the Confucian school. There is always one yard connecting with another, one door in another door, which is quite interesting. The fourth feature is the various kinds of carvings with different designs and content and excellent technique, brick carvings, wood carvings and stone carvings, which integrate Han nationality, folk customs and arts into one together. They are the models of the “delicacy and intricacy” of the architectural decorations in Qing Dynasty. Many experts and scholars regard Gao’s Cliff buildings as extremely charming folk houses which has landscape to see, interests to appreciate, pavilions and verandas to wander around and rooms to live in.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Wang’s Grand Courtyard is in the Jingsheng County which is 12 kilometers to the east of Lingshi County in Shanxi Province. Wang’s Grand Courtyard is the master of the buildings in Qing Dynasty. It is built by descendants of Wang in Taiyuan, one of the four families of Lingshi County and finished successively during Kangxi, […]

Wang’s Grand Courtyard is in the Jingsheng County which is 12 kilometers to the east of Lingshi County in Shanxi Province. Wang’s Grand Courtyard is the master of the buildings in Qing Dynasty. It is built by descendants of Wang in Taiyuan, one of the four families of Lingshi County and finished successively during Kangxi, Qianlong, Jiaqing period of Qing Dynasty.

The building structure is huge, which includes “five alleys”, “five villages” and “five ancestral halls”. The layout of the five ancient villages is compared with shapes of five sacred animals, “dragon”, and “phoenix”, “turtle”, “kylin” and “tiger”. The whole area accounts for over 250,000 square meters. Now the three architectural complexes, Red Door Village (dragon), Gao’s Cliff (phoenix) and Chongning Village (tiger) are open to the public separately as “Chinese Residential Art Gallery”, “Chinese Wang’s Museum” and “Liqun Art Gallery”. Including Wang’s Ancestral Hall, there are 231 yards, 2078 rooms and 80,000 square meters’ area open to the public.

Wang’s Ancestral Hall is separated into upper and lower one, which has complete functions and delicate design. There is elaborated carve “Xiaoyi Lane” in front of the ancestral hall. The general structure of Chongning Village leans upon the tall slope, sitting north and facing south, the style of which is quite similar to that of Ming Dynasty. The Liqun Art Gallery in it displays all the works of modern famous print engraver, Li Qun, which are the quintessence of his art image. The art image will spread from generation to generation and has a profound and lasting effect in the circle of culture and art.

Gao’s Cliff and Red Door Village are oppositely connected by a bridge, which are all the castle-like buildings with totally enclosed type on the Yellow Soil Plateau. The outward appearance is according to the nature and has both body and the spirit while the inner part consists of cave dwellings, which are cleverly connected and inherit the courtyard style with halls in the front and bedrooms in the backyard which had been formed during Chinese Xizhou period. Added with elaborated brick carvings, wood carvings and stone carvings, the village is both beautiful and functional, integrating both south and north appeal and of high cultural value. The two main buildings of Gao’s Cliff are both quadrangle dwellings. Apart from high ancestral hall and crassula sericeas, every yard has its own galley and study room and they share common book room, garden, and servant room. The walls around are totally enclosed and the four doors suit to local conditions. The big and small yards have both happy connection and independence, visible and invisible from time to time. When you place yourself in it, you will feel like being in a maze, for there is always one yard in another. Now all the yards and rooms are arranged according to the feudal rules “social status, economic position, old and young, inward and outward” and display all the antiques of Jingsheng Wang, which almost resume the historical image of Wang. Wang’s Grand Courtyard, as the excellent traditional architecture cultural heritage and art pressure of folk houses, has a positive effect at home and abroad. It is honored as “First House of Huaxia Folk Residence”, “Chinese Folk Forbidden City” and “Forbidden City in Shanxi”.

Wang’s Grand Courtyard Attractions

Gao’s Cliff

Red Door Village

Wang’s Ancestral Hall

Chinese Wang’s Museum

Jingsheng Temple

Wang’s Grand Courtyard Story

1. Red Door Village and Green Door Courtyard

The rows of yards in Red Door Village, from top to bottom, the local people usually call them bottom first, second first, third first and top first. Most of the yards are quadrangle dwellings with halls and rooms. Located in the east alley of third first, the magnificent green door yard is one of the places which travelers feast their eyes. The green door yard used to the mansion of Wang Zhongji, a senior officer in feudal China. Qianlong Emperor came here and granted a yellow jacket and a piece silver tablet to him in the fiftieth year of Qianlong Emperor (in 1785). In the first year of Jiaqing Emperor, he was invited to “thousands old people dinner” held by feudal government. Wang Zhongji was quite honored and brought glory to his ancestors. His grandfather used to be invited to “thousands old people dinner” and granted a dragon head crutch for he had helped Kangxi Emperor to conquer the rebellion Wu Sangui. They both brought endless glory to Wang family, so the mansion was built more and more grand. It is said after construction, to gain good fortune, they painted the door into red. However, out of their expectation, people prosecuted his family against feudal rules, so the feudal government sent people to investigate and deal with the case. In danger, the feudal officer in the imperial court sent news secretly, so Wang Zhongji painted the door into green and painted the door of the village into red, which helped them get rid of disaster. This is why we call Red Door Village and Green Door Courtyard.

Qiao’s Grand Courtyard Travel Tips

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Historical Relics, Shanxi, Travel Info, by Jack Li

Shanxi is a province which is always known for its abundant relics and underground energy.  Recently, constant discoveries of traditional residences make Shanxi become the world’s focus again.  These exquisite and intact courtyards are good resources for the historians to research the brilliant history and civilization of Jin and Shang dynasties.  Depending on intelligence and […]

Shanxi is a province which is always known for its abundant relics and underground energy.  Recently, constant discoveries of traditional residences make Shanxi become the world’s focus again.  These exquisite and intact courtyards are good resources for the historians to research the brilliant history and civilization of Jin and Shang dynasties.  Depending on intelligence and diligence, Chinese constructed lofty city wall, solemn palace, elegant gardens and various courtyards.  Especially, each courtyard has it own characteristic.  There are over one thousand folk houses which assemble architectural forms and essences of Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties in Shanxi province.  The most famous one is Qiao’s Grand Courtyard.

Best Time to Visit Qiao’s Grand Courtyard

Belonging to Warm temperate monsoon climate, Qixian has four distinctive seasons.  With an average temperature of 7.9℃—11.7℃,the climate is warm and pleasant all the year round.  So the best time to visit Qiao’s Grand Courtyard is spring, summer and autumn.

Qiao’s Grand Courtyard’s Tickets

Entrance Ticket: 40RMB/person.

Ticket for students and oldsters over 60 years old is half price.

How to get to Qiao’s Grand Courtyard’s

1. Visitors from Taiyuan: Taiyuan Travel Agency sends tourist party to Qiao’s Grand Courtyard everyday.  The bus ticket is about 80RMB.

2. Visitors from Datong, Shuozhou and Wutai Mountain: Drive along Dayun high—speed road——Jinzhong Exit——Drive along Taiyu Road and 108 state road——Turn right when you arrive at Yuci Dongyang town.

3. Visitors from Beijing, Shijiazhuang and Yangquan: Drive along Taijiu high—speed road——Jinzhong Exit——Drive along Taiyu Road and 108 state road——Turn right when you arrive at Yuci Dongyang town.

4. Visitors from Zhengzhou, Jincheng and Changzhi: Drive along Jinjiao high—speed road——Changjin high—speed road——Taichang high—speed road——Yuci Exit——108 state road——Turn right when you arrive at Yuci Dongyang town.

5. Visitors from Xi’an, Yuncheng and Linfen: Dayun high—speed road——Qi county Exit——Dongguan————108 state road——Turn left when you arrive at Yuci Dongyang town.

Qiao s Grand Courtyard

Qiao’s Grand Courtyard is situated in Qiaojiabao Village in Qi County, Shanxi Province. It is 54 kilometers far from Taiyuan and only 2 kilometers from the Dongguan Town. Qiao’s Grand Courtyard is also known as Zaizhongtang. It is the house of Qiao Zhiyong who is a famous commercial finance capitalist in Qing Dynasty. It was […]

Qiao’s Grand Courtyard is situated in Qiaojiabao Village in Qi County, Shanxi Province. It is 54 kilometers far from Taiyuan and only 2 kilometers from the Dongguan Town. Qiao’s Grand Courtyard is also known as Zaizhongtang. It is the house of Qiao Zhiyong who is a famous commercial finance capitalist in Qing Dynasty. It was first built during the reign of Emperor Qianlong in Qing Dynasty. After two times repair and an expansion, due to the efforts of several generations, a magnificent building was accomplished in the first years of the Republic. That is the Qiao’s Grand Courtyard which represents the typical architectural style of northern residences in Qing Dynasty.

The courtyard is a full-closed buildings group, likes castle. Its total area is 10,642 square meters. Its construction area is 4,175 square meters. It is divided into 6 big yards, 20 small yards and 313 rooms. Three sides of Qiao’s Grand Courtyard face streets. It is totally separated from the neighbor residences. The outer brick wall is closed and over 10 meters high. The upper part of the wall is female wall which has gaps in it at certain distance. The wall also has Genglou(likes bell tower, it was used to tell time) and Vision House that make the wall seem more majestic. The door of Qiao’s Grand Courtyard sited in the west and faced the east. There is a tall loft on the door. On the opposite side of the door is a brick wall which carved one hundred ‘Shou’ characters (shou meaning long life in Chinese). Inside the door is a stone corridor. Each side of the corridor has guard wall. At the end of the corridor stands the ancestral shrine. There are three big yards in the north of Qiao’s Grand Courtyard. They all have bid doors which allow wagon and Sedan Chair to get in. The stone and pillar at the outside of the bid door are used to tie horse and help people get on wagon. From east to west, it is the Old Yard, North-west yard and Study Yard in order. Each yard is divided into main house and affiliated houses. The masters lived in the main house. The affiliated houses are used as guests’ rooms, servants’ rooms and kitchen. The affiliated houses usually are lower and simpler than the main house in order to show the different classes. Each yard is connected by corridors on roof. This design can increase the safety of the courtyard.

The layout of the courtyard is precise and the design is compact. Overlooking the shape of the courtyard likes a ‘Xi’ character in Chinese. Every detail of the courtyard is elegant. The courtyard fully showed the high level architectural techniques. Experts titled it as ‘the bright pearl in the architectural history of the northern residences’. Therefore there is a saying that ‘emperor has the Palace Museum, while common people have Qiao’s Grand Courtyard’. It was well-known at home and abroad.

In 1985, the local government changed Qiao’s Grand Courtyard into a folk customs museum. On November 1st, 1986, it was officially opened. Over 5,000 relics were displayed which reflect the folk customs of Shanxi province. So far it has received over 8 million tourists.

Qiao’s Grand Courtyard Story

1. There are three things in Qiao’s Grand Courtyard you must see. These three things fully reflect the huge wealth and influence of Qiao’s family

Crystal ball: the crystal ball hangs up on the ceiling. It was said that the ball was imported from America. According to a certain proportion, the crystal ball could reduce the image of people in the house and reflect. It was used to monitor the people who are doing business in the house. It could be called as the first monitor in the world.

Rhinoceros Watching Moon Mirror: the mirror is about 1 meter in diameter. The frame of the mirror is made of the most rare and hard wood of Mesua ferrea. The back of the mirror was cared with rhinoceros and clouds. The clouds around the mirror make the mirror resembling moon. The rhinoceros was looking up at the moon. That why the mirror was called as Rhinoceros Watching Moon Mirror.

Nine Dragons Lantern: when the Empress Dowager Cixi fled to Xian because of the invasion of the Eight-Power Allied Forces, Qiao’s family donated 30,000 silver to Cixi for emergencies. As a reward for the loyalty of Qioa’s family, Cixi gave them two Nine Dragons Lanterns. So far nobody has found the third same lantern.

2. Divine Tree: when Qiao’s Grand Courtyard was first built, there was a shrine out of the affiliated house. And in front of the shrine stood two pagoda trees. The two trees looked very strange. It was said that they were divine trees.

Qiao’ family had meant to move the shrine but retain the trees. One night Qiao Meiquan, the master, had a weird dream. In the dream, an immortal said, ‘If you move the shrine without moving the trees, the trees will die and your family will become poor.’ At first, the master thought it was just a dream and didn’t take actions. Soon, the trees were dying. The master was afraid that the dream would become tree, so he moved the trees immediately. And the trees soon revived. It seemed that the immortal really existed.

Pingyao Ancient City Travel Tips

On August 26, 2011, in Chinese Towns & Villages, Historical Relics, Shanxi, Tours, Travel Info, by Jack Li

It is a little cold in Shanxi. The weather is often windy and dusty with very little rain. Travellers had better bring sunglasses and hats. You are recommended to buy and drink bottle water instead of pipe water, because pipe water is a little salty. You are free to bargain in hotels, restaurants, shops and […]

It is a little cold in Shanxi. The weather is often windy and dusty with very little rain. Travellers had better bring sunglasses and hats. You are recommended to buy and drink bottle water instead of pipe water, because pipe water is a little salty. You are free to bargain in hotels, restaurants, shops and travels. Backpackers can visit the Pingyao Ancient City without tour guides. If you come across with a travel group, stand near them and listen to their guide for historical stories. Please take care of the tickets. There are many different relic places to visits. Most of the time, you need to show your tickets at the entrances.

 

Best Time to Visit the Pingyao Ancient City

January, September and November are the best months for travelers to visit the Pingyao Ancient City. Actually, you can go to the Pingyao Ancient City at any time of the year. However autumn is more cool and comfortable. In the end of September, there is the Photo Festival, which attracts many visitors each year. It is a little cold in winter. However there are fewer travelers than other time. Travelers can enjoy firing performances and the beautiful scenery covered with white snow. In addition, it is also very pleasant for travelers to go to the Pingyao Ancient City during the spring festival.

Pingyao Ancient City Best Routes

Pingyao Ancient Walls—Ancient County Court— Dacheng Palace of the Wenmiao Temple—Rishengcheng Exchange Shop—Gushi Building

Start the tour at the west gate. It usually takes eight hours to see the Pingyao Ancient City. During these hours, you can feel a simple, peaceful and quiet atmosphere of this ancient city.

In the morning: West Ancient Walls—County Court—Leijitai—Wenmiao Temple—Chenghuang Temple—Qingxu Taoist Temple

In the noon: have dinner at the Ming and Qing Street

In the afternoon: North Ancient Walls, Rishengchang Exchange Shop, Ming and Qing Street—Gushi Building.

Tips: Go out of the County Court in the south door, there is the nearest way to go to the Shuanglin Temple. Everyday, there is a show at 10:00 in the County Court. In the weekend, there are activities outside the north door and in the south street.

Notice:The second day’s plan is to visit the famous Wang’s and Qiao’s Grand Courtyard. In the morning, you can go to the Wang’s at Lingshi. In the noon, take a car from Lingshi to Taiyuan, get off at the Qixian County and have a visit to the Qiao’s Grand Courtyard. It is where the Zhang Yimou’s film Raise The Red Lantern was shooting. The courtyards are very beautiful. Many visitors take a lot of photos there. In the evening, you can go back to Taiyuan by minibuses. It takes almost one hour.

Pingyao Ancient City Tickets

The joint ticket is 120 yuan. You can visit almost twenty attractions. There are places to drill holes on the ticket. One hole will be drilled on the ticket after you enter a spot. If you don’t visit twenty attractions, you can have the ticket noted and use see other places the next day. The ticket can only be used for two days. The attractions included Ancient Walls, Rishengchang Exchan Shops, County Cout, Qingxu Taoist Temple, Chenghuang Temple, Caishen Temple, Ming and Qing Street, Baitongchuan, Xietongqing, Tianjiexiang, Leilvtai former residence, Commence Chamber of China and so on.

Pingyao Ancient Wall Ticket: 15 yuan.

Zhenguo Temple Ticket: 20 yuan.

Shuanglin Temple Ticket: 25 yuan.

Rishengchang Exchange Shop: 20 yuan. You had better hire a tour guide.

Ancient Walls: 5 yuan.

How to Get to the Pingyao Ancient City

It only takes two hours to get to Pingyao Train Station from Taiyuan. The Ancient City does not cover a very huge area. You can just walk. If you don’t feel like walking, you can take a rickshaw. It takes five to ten minutes to get to the Ancient City by rickshaw. The price to hire one is about two to three yuan.

Taiyuan Coach Station is just 300 metres away from Taiyuan Train Station. It is on the Jinshe South Street. There are buses and cabs between Pingyao Ancient City and Qiao’s Grand Courtyard. It is recommended to take the buses. It also takes two hours from Taiyuan to Pingyao. The bus leaves Pingyao for Taiyuan every 20 minutes from 7∶30 to 17:30. The ticket is 10 yuan. The price of the bus from Taiyuan is 25 yuan. The price from Pingyao to Qiao’s Grand Courtyard is 10 yuan. It takes one and a half hours to get there.

County Court of the Ancient City

On August 26, 2011, in Chinese Towns & Villages, Historical Relics, Shanxi, by Jack Li

The County Court is in the middle of the Ancient City. It started to be built in the Beiwei Dynasty. The architecture was fully built in the sixth year during the Yuanzhi Era (1346). It has a history of over six hundred years. The whole court faces the south with an axial symmetry layout. The […]

The County Court is in the middle of the Ancient City. It started to be built in the Beiwei Dynasty. The architecture was fully built in the sixth year during the Yuanzhi Era (1346). It has a history of over six hundred years. The whole court faces the south with an axial symmetry layout. The court is over two hundred metres long and more than a hundred metres wide. It covers an area of 26,000 square metres. The design of the court is very Feudal traditional. In the central hall, civil officers stood in the left side and military officials in the right side. In the front there are offices while in the back there are living chambers. There are in all six architectures include the Gate, the First Hall, the Chamber Gate, the Second Hall, the Inside Chamber and Daxin Building. The First Hall was also called the Qinmin Hall. The Inside Chamber was also call the Qinshen Hall. In the east, there stands the Flower Hall, the Changping Storehouse, the Zanhou Temple, the Earth Ancestral Hall. The Changping Store house was also called Money and Grain Hall. In the west, there are prisons, Shiwang Temple and Jibu Hall. The architectures are in very good order with reasonable design. It is an epitome of imperial palaces. On May 19th, 2004 when the 11th Panchen Lama visited the Ancient City, he wrote an inscription that ‘the County Court is the best of the ancient offices’.

Ancient City of Ping Yao

Zhenguo Temple

On August 26, 2011, in Chinese Towns & Villages, Historical Relics, Popular Provinces, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Zhenguo Temple is also named Jingcheng Temple. It is fifteen kilometers way to the east of the Pingyao City. The Zhenguo Temple covers an area of 13,000 square kilometres, with 5,000 square kilometers of ancient architectures. In front of the temple, there used to be a theatre. There are two yards in the temple. The […]

Zhenguo Temple is also named Jingcheng Temple. It is fifteen kilometers way to the east of the Pingyao City. The Zhenguo Temple covers an area of 13,000 square kilometres, with 5,000 square kilometers of ancient architectures. In front of the temple, there used to be a theatre. There are two yards in the temple. The front yard has a Mountainous Gate in the middle. It is called Tianwang Palace, because there are four statues of kings. In Chinese character, ‘wang’ means ‘king’ in English. Right in the north of the yard, there are three Buddhist halls. They are not very big but with a quite long history. In the two sides of the Tianwang Palace, there are five separate rooms respectively. The rooms display sculptures in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The arch gate outside the Wanfo Palace can lead to the back yard. In the back yard, there are three cave houses with Buddha statues. Besides the Buddha statues stand four sculptures of Chinese ancient goddesses. Buddhist stories were painted on the wall. In the left and right hands of the room upstairs are places where the classic ancient books are kept. Early in 1965, the Zhenguo Temple was titled the provincial protective historical relic. In 1998, it became the national cultural protective relic. Before that on December 3rd, 1997, the Zhenguo Temple was listed into the directory of world cultural heritage together with Shuanglin Temple and Pingyao Ancient City.

Ancient City of Ping Yao

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