Vertigo at Huashan Mount

Advice to enthusiasts intent on taking on Mont Huashan on calf-power: don’t take the ascent lightly, you’ll need a good dose of humility and courage if you want to come out unscathed. The Huashan Mount is one of the 5 sacred mountains of China, this is definitely a place to go for your China travel […]

Advice to enthusiasts intent on taking on Mont Huashan on calf-power: don’t take the ascent lightly, you’ll need a good dose of humility and courage if you want to come out unscathed. The Huashan Mount is one of the 5 sacred mountains of China, this is definitely a place to go for your China travel if you want to experience extreme trail.

Mount Hua or Hua is located in Shaanxi Province, about 120 kilometres east of the city of Xi’an, near the city Huayin in China. Also known as the  Western Great Mountain, it is one of China’s Five Great Mountains, and has a long history of religious significance. Originally classified as having three peaks, in modern times the mountain is classified as five main peaks, of which the highest is the South Peak at 2154.9m. Numerous Chinese pilgrims are going to the adventure because according to Taoist tradition, it is said that one could find immortality if you reach the peak of the mountain. The tradition says that only the people who take the way less travelled and the most tortuous path could find immortality at the 2.200m peak. In former days, when Emperors still existed, this “master summit” was a place of celebration and to honor the Gods. A lot of leaders at the time decided to do the trail to get the respect they needed.

Only few foreign tourists want to go and do the extreme trail because it’s quite dangerous.  Only adventurers and extreme trail lovers of “Camino del Rey” in Spain dare to experience that. Meanwhile, Chinese people go there for family days, and visitors from all the country are challenging this mount. They are not professionals or well trained, but, they are not that afraid and seem that their heels are free of pressure.

In total, the route is composed of 1.000 meters to climb and 12km of ballad, it begins from the foothill of Hua Mount and ends at the sacred Jade Fountain Temple. The authorities had to make the route shorter and ban the access to some parts of the mountain for safety reasons. Indeed, they want to avoid fatal falls, especially when crossing the Green Dragon Ridge.

As it is said « there is only one way to get to the top », and this path is composed of steep slopes and vertical cliffs. Sometimes you have to walk on wooden boards, climb rock incorporated stairs and cross cables bridges that seem floating in the air. Don’t be afraid and save some courage to challenge all the hindrances you will face even if you don’t have any attaches or the only thing you can grab is an iron chain.

After have living this adventure, and having faced all the challenges, some people changed radically their way of life, or started to think about the real meaning of their lives for a brand new start. Personally I’ve never did it again, and I think that I would never be enough courageous to do it. What about our readers? Have you ever tried it or plan to climb the Huashan Mountain?

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Huashan Mountain Travel Tips

On August 22, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Tours, Travel Info, Xi'an, by Jack Li

The wind is plenteous and strong on Huashan Mountain, and the moisture is very heavy in summmer. Before climbing the mountain, tourists had better prepare several thermal overcoats and take a portable plastic raincoat. Huashan Mountain Scenic Spot is open all the year round. Generally, there is pint-sized mud-rock flow in a pouring rainy day […]

The wind is plenteous and strong on Huashan Mountain, and the moisture is very heavy in summmer. Before climbing the mountain, tourists had better prepare several thermal overcoats and take a portable plastic raincoat. Huashan Mountain Scenic Spot is open all the year round. Generally, there is pint-sized mud-rock flow in a pouring rainy day or a thundery day. In this case, Huashan Mountain Tourism Administration Department would give notice in time to ask tourists to take shelter from rain and stop selling tickets. Tourists should remember to take enough drinking water when climb the mountain, because most goods on the mountain are shouldered by heavers and more expensive. In general, tourists who intend to watch a sunrise would go to the east peak, where is windy with lower temperature, so tourists had better take cotton-padded jackets. Nevertheless, there are military overcoats rent on the mountain top, which costs 80 yuan per jacket (including 50-yuan deposit).

Best time to visit Huashan Mountain

The best time to visit Huashan Mountain is from April to October, which is also the peak season of Huashan Mountain’s tourism. The lunar March 15th is the Pilgrimage Day, when there are grand temple fairs and celebrations. The scenery in four seasons is miraculous and changeable; there is sufficient rain and attenuate fog in spring, everything has gone green, mountain flowers are luxurirantly blooming, it’s a good place to have an outing and visit spring. In summer, the visibility of air is high and the climate is cool, tourists can watch sunrise and intermount waterfall, as well as sea of clouds. In autumn, the temperature is moderate and there are red leaves spread on the whole mountain, the floweriness making people greatly satisfied; it’s the best time to climb the mountain. In winter, snow gleams white, rimes and cliffs look at each other, giving tourists a aesthetic perception of fairyland. The sunrise is the scenery worthy of seeing on Huashan Mountain all the year round. The reference time to watch sunrise: 5:00-6:00am in spring; 4:30-5:20 in summer; 5:00-5:20 in autumn; 5:30-6:00 in winter.

Huangshan Mountain Best Routes

Reference route 1 (take the ropeway to the main peak area in daytime and live on the mountain at night)

D1. After arriving the scenic spot, tourists can buy tickets and take the bus at the new Tourist’s Center (Ecological Square). Tourists can appreciate the beauty scenery of Huangpuyu in the bus, and then take the “No 1 Ropeway in Asia” at Wamiao Valley to the north peak, visit the HuashanLunjian Tower and the memorial pavilion to the liberation of Huashan Mountain. Then walk along Caer Cliff, Shantian Ladder, and Canglong ridge, pass by Wuyun Peak to Goldlock Pass, visit the east peak, west peak, south peak and central peak. Tourists can watch the sunset on the west peak in the afternoon and live on the mountain at night.

D2. Please return by the way you came after watching the sunrise, and then take the ropeway to go downhill and take the bus to go out of the mountain. After dinner, take the scenic spot special line bus at the new Tourist Center and then visit Xianyu spot at the foot of Huashan Mountain, the national key Taoist temple—Yuquan Yard and the No.1 temple of the Five Mountains—Xiyue Temple.

Reference Route 2 (walk to the mountain at night, go downhill by ropeway or on foot)

D1. After arrving the scenic spot, tourists buy the tickets at the new Tourist Center and take the touring bus to the No. 1 temple of the Five Mountains—Xiyue Temple; then visit the Xianyu spot at the foot of Huashan Mountain and the national key Taoist Temple—Yuquan Yard. In the evening, tourists can climb the mountain by the west line or the east line, and then arrive at the east peak to watch the sunrise.

D2. After watching the sunrise in the morning and visit the east peak, south peak, west peak, Wuyun Peak, central peak and north peak, tourists can take the ropeway or walk along the east line to go downhill to Wamiao Valley, or walk along the west line to return.

Huashan Mountain Tickets

Opening time: 8:00-18:00

Ticket price: 100 yuan/person in peak season (March 1st to November 30th)

50 yuan/person in low season (December 1st to the end of February)

Ticket of the north peak ropeway: 60 yuan/person for a single trip and 110 yuan/person for a round trip;

Ticket of the tourist special line: 20 yuan/person for a round trip

People who enjoy the discount price

Children with the height of 1.2-1.4 meters enjoy the half price;

People who enjoy the free ticket

Children under 1.2 meters

People over 70 years old

How to get to Huashan Mountain

By car

The route starts from Xi’an: Huaqing Road—Xitong Express—Weinan—Huayin—Yuquan Road (at the foot of Huashan Mountain)

By the long-distance bus

The express from Xi’an to Huashan Mountain is 118 kilometers long. The bus arrives at the exit of Huashan Mountain. Tourists can take the bus from Xian to Huayin at Tangdu Bus Station (No 17 of Changle Middle Road), which comes every ten minutes).

By the tourist special line

  1. Take the Tourist Line 1 at the east square of Xi’an Railway Station, which has 26-33 seats and takes 22 yuan.
  2. The departure time: the first bus in low season is 8:30 and the last bus is 12:00; the first bus in peak season and the last bus is 14:00.
  3. The bus takes one and a half hour to two hours. The last returning bus of that day comes at 17:00.
  4. The amounts of buses: more than 7 buses everyday when the passenger flow is big while more than 4 buses when the passenger flow is small.

By taxi

300-400 yuan for a single trip, 350 yuan for a round trip if you take the Alto car.

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Central Peak of Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Nature Scenery, Xi'an, by Jack Li

Central Peak of Huashan Mountain is 2037.8 meters high, located in the middle of East Peak, West Peak and South Peak. Actually, it is a small mountain peak cling to the west of East Peak and was considered as a part of East Peak in ancient times. However, it has been regarded as one of […]

Central Peak of Huashan Mountain is 2037.8 meters high, located in the middle of East Peak, West Peak and South Peak. Actually, it is a small mountain peak cling to the west of East Peak and was considered as a part of East Peak in ancient times. However, it has been regarded as one of the main peaks of Huashan Mountain by contemporary people. Trees are growing well, thickly and healthily on the mountain and the environment is quite tranquil; tourists can see various nameless exotic flowers and rare herbs here.

There is a temple called “Jade Woman Temple” in the peak head. According to the legend, the temple was the place where the daughter of Qinmu Gong –Nongyu cultivated her moral character, therefore, the peak is also called “Jade Woman Peak”. Based on the narration of history, Nongyu was a woman of matchless beauty and had a good knowledge of the temperament. At one night, she became the soul mate of a hermit called Xiaoshi living on Huashan Mountain in her dream and then got married. Tired of living in the grand palace, they respectively rode a dragon and a phoenix to Huashan Mountain. Most scenic spots on Central Peak have something to do with the story of Xiaoshi and Nongyu, such as Jade Woman Cliff, Jade Women Hole, Jade Woman Stone Horse and so on.

Jade Woman Temple was built at the mountain head. It was said that Qinmu Gong had tried to find his daughter on Huashan Mountain, but drew a blank, he was so desperate that he could only build a temple to commemorate his daughter. There stood a statue of Jade Woman in the temple, as well as the dragon bed and phoenix coronet, all of which were destroyed by natural calamities and man-made misfortunes later.

The temple at present was built by the later generations. The statue of Jade Woman was remolded in 1983, she looks elegant and beautiful, precise and austere. In addtion, there are Stone Turtle, unrooted trees and sacrifice trees on the mountain. All heardsays about them are full of wit and humour, which increase the connotation of Central Peak in different angles and ungrade the mystery and beauty of Central Peak.

Huashan Mountain

North Peak of Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Activities, Mountain Areas, Xi'an, by Jack Li

The North Peak of Huashan is as high as 1614.9 meters, which is one of the main peaks. It is called North Peak because it is in the north of Huashan Mountain. It is steep and cliffy all around and can reach the sky. There is Ruoyun Platform, so it is also called Yuntai Mountain. […]

The North Peak of Huashan is as high as 1614.9 meters, which is one of the main peaks. It is called North Peak because it is in the north of Huashan Mountain. It is steep and cliffy all around and can reach the sky. There is Ruoyun Platform, so it is also called Yuntai Mountain. North Peak is north to White Cloud Mountain and east to Liangzhang Mountain. It is connected to east, west and south peaks as well as Gouzhuang Valley. The top of the mountain is made up of huge stones, like nature itself. There is a platform where used to be Yiyun Pavilion, which is a good place to watch the other three peaks of Huashan Mountain, but now there is only remain of the pavilion.  Around the half way of the mountain are green and dense trees, which is a great place for visitors to have a rest. The station of trolley which was opened in 1996 is on the east side of North Peak.

There are many scenic sites here, among which the famous ones are Zhenwu Palace, Changchun Stone Room, Magical Cliff, and White Cloud Fairyland and so on. What is more, every site has a beautiful story. Changchun Stone Room is the hermit of Du Huaiqian during years of Tang Zhenguan. It is said that Du Huaiqian seriously trained himself for eating nothing. He liked playing the flute, so he always let his prentices to buy flutes. Every time when he finished a song, he would throw the flute into the valley and asked his prentices to buy more, going round and round. He could stay in the cave for months without getting up, so he called himself “Mr. Changchun”.

Huashan Mountain

West Peak of Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Nature Scenery, Xi'an, by Jack Li

The altitude of West Peak is 2082 meters, being one of the main peaks of Huashan Mountain and got its name from the location. Besides, because the huge rock on West Peak looks like lotus petals, most literators in ancient times called it “Lotus Peak”. West Peak is a complete huge rock made by nature. […]

The altitude of West Peak is 2082 meters, being one of the main peaks of Huashan Mountain and got its name from the location. Besides, because the huge rock on West Peak looks like lotus petals, most literators in ancient times called it “Lotus Peak”. West Peak is a complete huge rock made by nature. There are precipitous rock faces and sheer cliffs in the northwest side, the tall and straight shape is the representative of the shape of Huashan Mountain.

The ridge on the southern cliff of West Peak is connected with South Peak. The mountain ridge is over 300 meters long and looks like a sinuous huge dragon, which is called by “Quling”. It is also called “Small Black Dragon Ridge” and one of the most famous steep roads on Huashan Mountain. Sights on West Peak can be found everywhere, such as Cuiyun Palace, Lotus Hole, Huge Feet, Fupi Stone and Sheshen Cliff., all of which have many amazing myths and legends.

The most famous story is Chenxiang cut through hills to save his mother. In addition, there are a great variety of carve characters on the precipice. The tiptop in the north is called “Xishilou Peak”. The Yanggong Tower on the peak was built by general Yang Hucheng and there is an inscription written by him on the tower. The rock under the tower has an original handwriting of a famous calligrapher Wangduo.Another wonderful view of West Peak is Lotus Hole, also called ” Lotus Stone”, which looks like lotus petals.

Huashan Mountain

South Peak of Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Activities, Adventure Trip, Mountain Areas, Xi'an, by Jack Li

South Peak, with the height of 2154.9 meters, is the highest peak of Huashan Mountain and the highest peak of the Five Mountains. Ancient people call it “head of Huashan Mountain”. When you reach the top of South Peak, you will feel that you are quite near to the sky and you can even touch […]

South Peak, with the height of 2154.9 meters, is the highest peak of Huashan Mountain and the highest peak of the Five Mountains. Ancient people call it “head of Huashan Mountain”. When you reach the top of South Peak, you will feel that you are quite near to the sky and you can even touch the stars. Look around and the rolling green mountains, silk-like Yellow River waters and the wide and broad plain will all come into your eyes. You can truly appreciate the magnificence of Huashan Mountain and enjoy the magical feelings as if you were on the heaven and walking on the cloud. The south side of the mountain is thousands meters of cliff, erect as if cut abruptly by knife. Under it there is deep cliff which completely cut off the Sangong Mountain and Sanfeng Mountain.

South Peak consists of one mountain with tops. The east top is called Pine Mountain while the west one is named Luoyan Mountain. Anther saying has that South Peak consists of three tops, which also concludes Dutiful Son Mountain in the west of Luoyan Mountain. In this way, Luoyan Mountain is the highest in the center with the Pine Mountain in the east and Dutiful Son Mountain in the west, forming a shape of three giants sitting on the chairs facing the north.

The origin of Luoyan Mountain is that the wild geese flying back always rest here. The highest part of Luoyan Mountain is also the highest top of Huashan Mountain. Everyone is proud of ever getting the top. You can see the inscriptions on the stones all around. There are many other scenic sites like Sky Pool, Black Dragon Pond and Auyu Immortal Shrine on the south west cliff. Pine Mountain is a little bit lower than Luoyan Mountain, but larger than it. The blue pines on mountain top can cover all the sky, so the mountain is called Pine Mountain. There is Baidi Temple, also called Golden Palace, which is the main temple of Huashan God Jintian Shaohao. Because the roof of the main palace is covered by iron tiles, people also call it Iron Tile Palace. There are a lot of scenic sites around the Pine Mountain such as Eight Diagrams Pool, South Sky Gate, Quanzhen Rock, Chaoyuan Hole, Eagle Wing Rock and Yanggong Pavilion and so on.

Huashan Mountain

East Peak of Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Nature Scenery, Xi'an, by Jack Li

As one of the main peaks of Huashan Mountain, East Peak is 2096.2 meters. It is named East Peak because it is in the east. There is a platform on the top of the mountain, from where travelers can look down from a height in a broad view. It is the most famous place to […]

As one of the main peaks of Huashan Mountain, East Peak is 2096.2 meters. It is named East Peak because it is in the east. There is a platform on the top of the mountain, from where travelers can look down from a height in a broad view. It is the most famous place to watch the sun, called Chaoyang Platform”, so East Peak is also called Chaoyang Peak. East Peak is made up of four mountains. The peak which has Chaoyang Platform is the highest, with Yunv Peak in the west, Shilou Peak in the east and Botai Peak in the south. These three peaks all have their features. The east, west and south peaks are the “three peaks of Huashan Mountain” in the ancient time while Yunv Peak is a part of East Peak. Nowadays Yunv Peak is called Central Peak and regarded as one of the main peaks of Huashan Mountain.

There are many tall blue pines on the top of East Peak and the environment here is quite and calm. The travelers will feel really relaxed when walking through the forests. There are over 10 scenic sites here. The natural inscription on the cliff of Shilou Peak, like a huge palm print, which is exactly the first of “eight views of Guanzhong”- Magical Palm of Huashan Mountain and it is also the origin of the story about Juling God cutting into a mountain for waters. In the north of Chaoyang Platform, there is Yanggong Tower, which is opposite to Yanggong Tower of East Peak. The tower is built by general Yang Hucheng and there is an inscription of “myriads of things” by general Yang Hucheng. Apart from this, there are also other famous sites like Green Dragon Pond, Sweet Dew Pool, Sanmao Hole and so on. It is unfortunate that some sites are destroyed by natural calamities and man-made misfortunes and there are only their remains. However, after 80s, some sites are repaired and reconstructed. The East Peak Hotel is built on the basis of remains of Eight Sites Palace which was destroyed by fire in 1953.

Huashan Mountain

Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Nature Scenery, Xi'an, by Jack Li

Huashan Mountain is a member of the famous Five Mountains, which is 2154.9 meters high. It is in the Huayin city of historical and cultural ancient city, Weinan city, which is 120 kilometers east to Xi’an in Shanxi province, north to the broad and level Weihe Plain and turbulent Yellow River, south to Qinling Mountains. […]

Huashan Mountain is a member of the famous Five Mountains, which is 2154.9 meters high. It is in the Huayin city of historical and cultural ancient city, Weinan city, which is 120 kilometers east to Xi’an in Shanxi province, north to the broad and level Weihe Plain and turbulent Yellow River, south to Qinling Mountains. It is a granite mountain which is north to the dividing ridge of a branch of Qinling Mountains. As a national scenic site, the thousands of postures are vividly depicted by the decoration of constant change of the nature.

Huashan Mountain is not only magnificent and dangerous, but also high and deep. It is most famous for its ruggedness and steepness. From ancient times to the present, there is the saying “Huashan Mountain is the most dangerous mountain in the world”. As a result of this, Huashan Mountain has attracted a lot of brave people. The strange adventures can inspire people’s encourage, intelligence and undaunted spirit. When you visit Huanshan Mountain, you can experience the magnificence of Chinese mountains.

Before Tang Dynasty, few people climbed Huashan Mountain for it is too dangerous. Emperors of many dynasties would hold ceremony in the temple at the foot of the mountain. According to Shang Shu, Huashan Mountain was the place where Xuanyuan Emperor met all the celestial beings. While Shih Chi has that Huang Emperor and Shun had come to Huashan Mountain for hunting. It is recorded that Qinzhao Emperor once ordered craftsmen to build ladders to climb Huashan Mountain. There was no way to the top of Huanshan Mountain in Weijin Dynasty. Until Tang Dynasty, as the prosperity of Taoism, people who believe in Taoism began to build a dangerous way alongside the valley of the northern slope, forming the only way of Huashan Mountain for all the time.

Because of its steepness and danger, Huashan Mountain has attracted numerous visitors. The gardens, yards, kiosks and pavilions are all built according to the shape of the mountains ike castles in the air, which look more peculiar with the background of old pines. The mountains are all beautiful and gorgeous but all taking various shapes. The creeks in valley and waterfall in the mountain are full wit and interest. As if cut once by a knife, Huashan Mountain stands erect on the Weihe Plain, with east, south and west sides of the mountain rising abruptly out of the ground. Comparing to the 330 to 400 meters’ height of Weihe Plain, Huashan Mountain with the height of 2154.96 meters, appears more forceful and straight.

Huashan Mountain Attractions

East Peak

South Peak

West Peak

North Peak

Central Peak

Huashan Mountain Story

1. The origin of Huashan Mountain’s name

There are many ways to explain the origin of Huashan Mountain’s name. Generally the origin comes from the shape of Huashan Mountain, which is like a flower. And in the ancient time, Hua and Flower can be used as the same meaning in Chinese, so here comes the name Huashan. It also called Tai Huashan Mountain or West Peak Huashan and consists of Middle Peak (Yunv), East Peak (Chaoyang), West Peak (Lianhua), South Peak (Luoyan) and North Peak (Wuyun) five mountains. When you look at the main peak from a long distance, it is like a ingot as well as lotus with the small mountains around. In front of the Green Cloud Palace of West Peak is the Flower Stone, which is called “Flower Mountain”. Because it is near to the Yellow River, it is regarded as the origin of Huaxia. The pronunciations are similar between Hua and Flower, so people also call the mountain Huashan Mountain. The highest peak is as high as 2154.9 meters, from where you can overview the whole Weihe Plain. Since ancient times, it has been a famous scenic site.

2. Zhenwu Palace

Zhenwu Palace is built for worship the God of North Zhenwu Emperor who dominates the Kyushu. The names of Jiaogong Stone Room, Magical Oil Gong and Magical Cliff all come from the legend of Jiao Daoguang. The legend has that during the period of Wu Emperor of North Zhou Dynasty, there was a Taoist named Daoguang living alone in Yuntai Peak and feeding on nature. There were three blue birds around him and telling him about the future. The emperor heard about him and went to visit the Taoist himself. The emperor also ordered to build palace for Daoguang. When building the palace, there was no soil and oil in the mountain. Daoguang prayed silently and not only the soil came out of the cliff constantly, but also the oil cylinder would be filled with oil and could not be run off. Later people call the place where the soil came out Magical Cliff and the place where the oil cylinder was Magical Oil Gong.

3. The Stone Inscription “February the Second”

Green Dragon Mountain is like a giant dragon which lies between two mountains. With the background of the mountains around, the platform under the mountain is like the twisted dragon tail while the dangerous stone is like the mouth of a dragon turning around and roaring. Under the stone inscription “Cloud Sea” at the dragon mouth, there are four circles. The two on the left only have circles with no centers while the two on the right both have circles and centers. This is the”first logogriph of Huanshan Mountain”. If you study it carefully, you will find that in the pictograph, circle represents the moon while circle with center represents the sun, so the answer to the stone inscription is “February the Second”. It is said that on February 2nd, the dragon will raise up its head, so the inscription under the “Cloud Sea” at the dragon mouth means the wishes for timely rain, which is quite unique and fabulous.

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