Fubo Hill Travel Tips

On July 19, 2011, in Guilin, Rivers & Gorges, Tours, Travel Info, by Jack Li

Fubo Hill (Wave-subduing Hill or Fubo General Hill) rises from the banks of the Lijiang River. Standing as an isolated peak, half on the land and half into the water, it disrupts the water flow and waves coming forward. That is where its name comes from. Another explanation says that the Hill was named in […]

Fubo Hill (Wave-subduing Hill or Fubo General Hill) rises from the banks of the Lijiang River. Standing as an isolated peak, half on the land and half into the water, it disrupts the water flow and waves coming forward. That is where its name comes from. Another explanation says that the Hill was named in honour of Ma Yuan, a Fubo General (an ancient official position, for a general who overcame adversities) of Han Dynasty, who passed the hill on his way to conquer the South. In Tang Dynasty, there used to be a courtyard on the hill named after him. Now, there are places of interests such as Guishui Pavilion (Guishui is another name of Li River), Tingtao Pavilion (Pavilion to Listen to the Wave Sound), Banshan Pavilion (Mid-Hill Pavilion), Huanzhu Cave (Returned Pearl Cave), Shijian Stone (Sword Testing Stone), Qianfo Rock (Thousand Buddha Rock), Shanhu Rock (Coral Rock) and more. Apart from that, visitors can see an over 1000 kg “Qianren Wok” (Wok Used to Cook for a Thousand People) and an over 2700 kg heavy bell in the hill, casted under the order of King of Dingnan’s daughter, mourning after his death.

Best Time to Visit Fubo Hill

The beautiful mountains and clear water are at their best in summer and autumn (April to October), which are the best seasons to visit Guilin.

Fubo Hill Best Routes

1.There are three routes to the Fubo Hill peak:

The first one leads along the River, passes through the Xiuxi Corridor (Rest Corridor) and Fubo Corridor, where you can see the “Qianren Wok”. On the way you can visit the Jiming Teahouse and later the Dabei Acient Cave (Cave of Great Grief). At the end, the route passes near the Tingtao Pavilion (Pavilion to Listen to the Wave Sound).

The second route leads up the stairs along the west side of the Hill. The highlight of this route is a huge iron bell in the mountain pass. A series of flat steps above the Bell can be used to rest before the climb. Going up further, you can enjoy the beautiful view of half of the city from an observation deck near Banshan Pavilion. To reach the peak, follow the stone stairs.

Last but definitely not the least, tourists can choose to visit Huanzhu Cave (Returned Pearl Cave) and Shanhu Rock first, and then climb the the steps in the cave beside Shijian Stone to reach the top of the hill. This path will lead to Qianfo Rock, where hundreds of Buddha statues from Tang Dynasty are located.

2. For a more physically demanding route, start from the east. Walking through Fubo Corridor along the riverside you will reach the Tingtao Pavilion. The way from the Pavilion leads to the top of the hill, with Huanzhu Cave on the way. It is recommended to visit the cave on the way back – it will be a good place to rest after a climb.

3.Huanzhu Cave is the best part of Fubo Hill. Therefore the third route in “1” is the preferred choice if the time is limited.

4.Huanzhu Cave includes Shanhu Rock, Qianfo Rock and Shijian Stone as well as more than 400 Buddha statues and over 100 pieces of inscriptions, the most precious of which are: the self-portrait of Mi Fu, a well-known calligrapher and painter of the North Song Dynasty (960-1127), and a poem written by the South Song Dynasty (1127-1279) scholar Fan Chengda.

Fobu Hill Tickets

Entrance ticket: 30 yuan per person

Note: 1. Opening hours: 7:00-18:00 in off-season (April to November) and 6:00-18:30 in high-season (December to March); 2. Kids taller than 1.4 meters (included) need to get full-rate ticket while the entry for those shorter than 1.4 is free; 3. Officers in active service, military men disabled in service and family members of martyrs (certificates required) are free to visit Seven Star Scenic Area, Fubo Hill, Diecai Hill and Elephant Trunk Hill.

How to Get to Fubo Hill

Self-driving

  1. Toll Station on Yingbin Road→Kaifeng Road→Zhongshan South Road (Railway Station)→Zhongshan Middle Road→Fengbei Road→Binjiang Junction→Fubo Hill
  2. Jichang Road (Airport Road)→Xiangjiang Hotel→Zhongshan South Road (Railway Station)→Zhongshan Middle Road→Fengbei Road→Binjiang Junction→Fubo Hill
  3. Lingchuan→Bali Street→Zhongshan North Road→Fengbei Road→Binjiang Junction→Fubo Hill

By Bus

  1. From Liangjiang Airport: take the airport express to Xiangjiang Hotel and transfer to bus 2 to Fubo Hill Station (Fu-bo-shan) – 36 kilometers
  2. From South Railway Station: take Sightseeing Bus 1 at the opposite side of the railway station – 3 kilometers
  3. From Bus Station: take Sightseeing Bus 1 at the opposite side of the bus station – 2.5 kilometers
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Qianfo Rock

On July 19, 2011, in Guilin, Towers, Pagodas & Grottoes, by Jack Li

Qianfo Rock (Thousand Buddha rock) is situated on the hillside of Fubo Hill, next to the Huanzhu cave. Constituting of three floors, its total area is 133 square meters. 400 Buddha statues stand there, including 239 bas-reliefs attributed to the Dang dynasty.  Most of the statues belong to late Tang dynasty. Each of the statues […]

Qianfo Rock (Thousand Buddha rock) is situated on the hillside of Fubo Hill, next to the Huanzhu cave. Constituting of three floors, its total area is 133 square meters. 400 Buddha statues stand there, including 239 bas-reliefs attributed to the Dang dynasty.  Most of the statues belong to late Tang dynasty. Each of the statues depicts Buddha in plain clothes, with facial contours and moderate posture. They are the powerful testimony of the makers’ professionalism and the piety of the Buddha followers from Tang dynasty.  The most precious work is the self-portrait of Mifu, one of the most prominent calligraphers of Northern Song Dynasty.  The 1.2m high self-portrait carved on the wall, shows Mifu looking perfectly calm, natural and unrestrained.  Mifu visited Guilin in 1074, when he finished his painting entitled “picture of Yangshuo Mountain”. He is said to be the first artist to paint a landscape of Guilin.

Fubo Hill

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Shijian Stone (Sword Testing Stone)

On July 19, 2011, in Caves & Canyons, Guilin, Nature Scenery, by Jack Li

There are many inscriptions in Huanzhu Cave describing the legend of Shijian Stone. The most famous one tells that the gap was cut by the Fubo Geveral Ma Yuan with his sword. It was thought that the rock can grow and shrink. People believed that each time the rock connected with the ground there would […]

There are many inscriptions in Huanzhu Cave describing the legend of Shijian Stone. The most famous one tells that the gap was cut by the Fubo Geveral Ma Yuan with his sword.

It was thought that the rock can grow and shrink. People believed that each time the rock connected with the ground there would be a Champion (in imperial examinations) from Guilin. In times of South Song Dynasty, the procurator of Guilin hosted a banquet at the Stone to congratulate the students who had passed the local examination and wished them a success in the ultimate imperial examinations. The saying proved to be true many times, as more and more Guilin students succeeded in the imperial examinations over time. Consequently, the rock was also called “Champion Rock.” Apart from that, the stone was described as a ‘‘Trunk Rock’’ in one of the poems written by an official in Song Dynasty.

Scientifically speaking, the gap is a crevice eroded by water. The whole column is nothing more than a product of erosion. It is not possible for it to become a stalactite that is to connect with the ground. No matter how much time passes by, it will always be a suspended rock. Although the prophecy of the “Champion Rock” could never become true, the tale still prevails.

Fubo Hill

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Huanzhu Cave

On July 19, 2011, in Caves & Canyons, Guilin, Rivers & Gorges, by Jack Li

Filled with so many relics and rock formations and surrounded by the picturesque Li River, there’s no doubt that Huanzhu cave is a must-see when visiting Fubo Hill. However, the only way to the cave leads through the river. It is documented that in the fourth year of Xiantong period in Tang dynasty, two paths […]

Filled with so many relics and rock formations and surrounded by the picturesque Li River, there’s no doubt that Huanzhu cave is a must-see when visiting Fubo Hill. However, the only way to the cave leads through the river. It is documented that in the fourth year of Xiantong period in Tang dynasty, two paths leading to the southern and northern cave mouths existed. Before the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279), Huanzhu Cave was called the “East Cliff” or the “Fubo Cliff”. Along with the Qinlin Temple in West Mountain, Huanzhu Cave was a sole buddhist sacred place in Tang dynasty.  Numerous Buddhist followers carved many statues of Buddha. At present, 239 of them can be identified, with 400 pending. Though they are not as prominent examples of religious art as other works of the Glorious age of Tang Dynasty, they are a good representation of religious and modern art combined.  The statues reflect the secularization and nationalization of Chinese Buddhism.

Fubo Hill

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Bell Pavilion

On July 19, 2011, in Guilin, Towers, Pagodas & Grottoes, by Jack Li

Bell Pavilion is located in the south of Fubo Hill, to the west of the Huanzhu Cave.  It is a quadrangle pavilion with a single upturned eave. The 4.7m high, 4.5m wide and 4.4 long pavilion covers an area of 19.8 square meters. An old bell is displayed there, which is where the Pavilion got […]

Bell Pavilion is located in the south of Fubo Hill, to the west of the Huanzhu Cave.  It is a quadrangle pavilion with a single upturned eave. The 4.7m high, 4.5m wide and 4.4 long pavilion covers an area of 19.8 square meters. An old bell is displayed there, which is where the Pavilion got its name from. The 2.5m high old bell has 1.7m in diameter and weights 2524kg.  It was forged to reward Kong Youde’s merits to Qing dynasty in the eighth year of Kangxi period(1669).  Kong Youde, a minister from Ming dynasty, was created as Dingnan King, stationing in Guangxi.   In the eighth year of Shunzhi period (1651), he built Dingyue Temple. After farmer army’s leader Li Dingguo with his peasant army stormed Guilin, Kong Youde committed a suicide. 15 years later, his daughter Kong Sizhen and her husband Sun Yanling went to Guilin to served in a court as a steward and a general.  They extended the Dingyue Temple and casted a bell to memorize Kong Youde’s merits. The phrases “The stability of nation”, “the prosperity of managing state affairs in an ideal way”, “the light of Buddha dharma” and “the boundlessness of Buddha dharma” were carved on its rails. Kong Youde’s army was named “The meritorious statesman of local banner” , however the religious character was only a cover-up for a complicated political agenda. Once used as instrument in the temple, it is now an important testimony of the history.

Fubo Hill

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Fubo Hill

On July 19, 2011, in Guilin, Nature Scenery, Rivers & Gorges, Valleys and Scenic Spots, by Jack Li

Fubo Hill (Wave-subduing Hill or Fubo General Hill) rises from the banks of the Li River. Standing as an isolated peak, half on the land and half into the water, it disrupts the water flow and waves coming forward. That is where its name comes from. Another explanation says that the Hill was named in […]

Fubo Hill (Wave-subduing Hill or Fubo General Hill) rises from the banks of the Li River. Standing as an isolated peak, half on the land and half into the water, it disrupts the water flow and waves coming forward. That is where its name comes from. Another explanation says that the Hill was named in honor of Ma Yuan, a Fubo General (an ancient official position, for a general who overcame adversities) of Han Dynasty, who passed the hill on his way to conquer the South. In Tang Dynasty, there used to be a courtyard on the hill named after him. Now, there are places of interests such as Guishui Pavilion (Guishui is another name of Li River), Tingtao Pavilion (Pavilion to Listen to the Wave Sound), Banshan Pavilion (Mid-Hill Pavilion), Huanzhu Cave (Returned Pearl Cave), Shijian Stone (Sword Testing Stone), Qianfo Rock (Thousand Buddha Rock), Shanhu Rock (Coral Rock) and more. Apart from that, visitors can see an over 1000 kg “Qianren Wok” (Wok Used to Cook for a Thousand People) and an over 2700 kg heavy bell in the hill, casted under the order of King of Dingnan’s daughter, mourning after his death.

Shijian Stone (Sword Testing Stone) in Huanzhu Cave (Returned Pearl Cave) is just next to the Li River. It is a large rock hanging from the ceiling of the Cave. The bottom of this incredible and abrupt form is only several inches away from the ground. According to the legend, the gap emerged when Fubo General hit the rock to test his sword. A lot of inscriptions and engravings on the rock wall can be found on this and other rocks (e.g. Qianfo Rock) in the Huanzhu Cave. In the ancient times the Cave was called “Fubo Wonderland”.

In the park of Fubo Hill, there are a few Paifang constructions (a traditional Chinese-style archway gate). The symmetrical constructions consist of three parts. They have firm ridge and sloping roofs covered with glazed yellow tiles. A decorative plaque is hung above the middle entrance, with characters “Fubo Wanzhao” on it, which means the dusk river scenery of Fubo Hill with boatman punting near the shore. A long couplet with 264 characters hangs on the four pillars, describing the beautiful “Fubo Wonderland” which adds up to the beauty of the park.

Fubo Hill Attractions:

Bell Pavilion

Huanzhu Paviliion (Returned Pearl Pavilion)

Shijian Stone (Sword Testing Stone)

Qianfo Rock (Trousand Buddha Rock)

Fubo Hill Story

1.    Huanzhu Cave (Returned Pearl Pavilion)

Huanzhu Cave resembles an illusory palace. Many tales about the cave exist. According to the one of them, an old Dragon was playing with a pearl in the cave. Someone took the pearl away when it fell asleep and returned it later on. The cave was named “Huanzhu Cave” or “Wanzhu Cave” (Pearl Playing Cave). Another story says that the Fubo General Ma Yuan returned in triumph after conquering the South. However, because of his good position in the court, he was falsely accused by his enemies of being bribed with a carriage of jewelries and hiding its content in the Fubo Lake, which glinted upon the pour of the jewels. Yet another explanation for the cave’s name exists. It is said that an old fisherman casted his net into the Fubo Lake. The net reached the underwater Dragon Palace and the fisherman caught the Dragon Pearl. He offered it to the county executive. The judicious executive recognized it to be a rare treasure and refused to accept the gift. He had the pearl returned to the Dragon Palace.

2.    Shijian Stone (Sword Testing Stone)

Wandering in the Huanzhu Cave, you will finally reach its mouth. It suddenly becomes bright and you find yourself near the Li River. You will not miss a large rock right in the middle of the mouth. Thick on the top and thinner to the end, it stands like a stone pillar supporting the ceiling and bearing the heavy hill. However, the bottom of the rock is separated from the ground! The basin-like ground surrounding the stone is very smooth if touched. In the ancient times, it was described it as “a suspended pillar hanging from the sky.” It may seem like the column was cut with a sword from the bottom – it is said that the Fubo General Ma Yuan cut the stone with his sword upon setting off to conquer the South, to express his determination and lack of doubt in face of death.From the scientific point of view, the gap is just a crevice eroded by water. The whole column is nothing more than a product of erosion.

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Jing Feng Pavilion

On July 19, 2011, in Guilin, Towers, Pagodas & Grottoes, by Jack Li

Jing Feng Pavilion is situated on the platform in front of the wind tunnel’s south mouth.  This pavilion was built in Hui Chang period in Tang dynasty(618—907).  It was refurbished by the successive dynasties. However, many of its occupants caused damage to the Pavilion, which resulted e.g. in destroying the precious carvings during Anti-Japanese War […]

Jing Feng Pavilion is situated on the platform in front of the wind tunnel’s south mouth.  This pavilion was built in Hui Chang period in Tang dynasty(618—907).  It was refurbished by the successive dynasties. However, many of its occupants caused damage to the Pavilion, which resulted e.g. in destroying the precious carvings during Anti-Japanese War (1937-1945).  According to the print “Fan Cha Figure” by artist Zhangbao, Jing Feng Pavilion is a rectangular building with double eaves and crest.  Qing Bao , an official from Qing dynasty, in his work entitled “the study on record of Jing Feng Pavilion” noted that:“Jing Feng Pavilion is located between Si Wang Mountain and Yu Yue Mountain,  next to the Guang Ye River. Extensive and windy, it leans on the big river.  During hot summers, any go there to take rest.’’ Artists of successive dynasties left many beautiful poetic carvings in the Jing Fen Pavilion.  The 100-year old patriot Ma Xiangbo, Kang Youwei, one of the most prominent scholar of the late Qing dynasty, who launched the constitutional reform, used to live there.

Diecai Hill (Piled Silk Hill)

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Wind Cave

On July 19, 2011, in Caves & Canyons, Guilin, by Jack Li

Wind Cave is a peculiar cave in the middle of Mingyue Peak. The cave has two entrances, to the north and south respectively. As you walk further down the cave, it becomes narrower and narrower, allowing only one person at a time to walk through the middle. The cave is 20 meters long, with the […]

Wind Cave is a peculiar cave in the middle of Mingyue Peak. The cave has two entrances, to the north and south respectively. As you walk further down the cave, it becomes narrower and narrower, allowing only one person at a time to walk through the middle. The cave is 20 meters long, with the maximum width of 9.2 and height of 5 meters, and a total area of 140 square meters. The Wind Cave used to be an ancient channel, higher than the areas around it, resembling an hourglass in its shape. In between “Xiang-Gui Corridor” (the long and narrow plain between Hunan and Guangxi Province) and the valley joining Jiaqiao Mountains (Bridge Mountains) and Haiyang Shan (Ocean Mounain), a contra flow is formed. Since towards the middle the cave gets more narrow, the wind speed accelerates and the air from the back comes forward so that the wind blows continuously. The wind varies depending on the season, fresh or cozy, warm or cold. The cave earns the name “Cool World” due to the wind blowing throughout the year. Many poems have been composed by the scholars from the ancient times, portraying different features of the wind they felt in different seasons. Fresh, gentle, and cool gusts blow respectively, in balance. Wind Cave is not only a world of wind but also a treasury of cultural relicts. It is a major attraction in the area of Guilin.

Diecai Hill (Piled Silk Hill)

Diecai Tai Chi Cave

On July 18, 2011, in Caves & Canyons, Guilin, Nature Scenery, by Jack Li

Diecai Tai Chi Cave is situated in the mountainside of Bright Moon Hall.  Its south mouth is in the southwest of Beiyou cave; its north mouth faces the Deng Shan Crossing. Inside, it is separated by the stone pillars, which make it resemble the two Yin-yang fish of Tai Chi.  That is why the cave […]

Diecai Tai Chi Cave is situated in the mountainside of Bright Moon Hall.  Its south mouth is in the southwest of Beiyou cave; its north mouth faces the Deng Shan Crossing. Inside, it is separated by the stone pillars, which make it resemble the two Yin-yang fish of Tai Chi.  That is why the cave is called Diecai Tai Chi Cave.  The cave gate is 3m high and 4.2 wide. In total, the cave covers an area of 50 square meters. The name “Tai Chi Cave” is carved on the north mouth.  Roads from the starting point to the end of the cave are wind and twist. Moreover, the visibility in the cave is quite low.  The north mouth is large and allows light to come through. In contrast, the south mouth is small and hidden. It is so dark, that initially you can’t even see your own fingers.  But as you approach the north exit, it becomes brighter and brighter.  On the way from north mouth and the south mouth to the Beiyou Cave, you can enjoy the light cool breeze and appreciate the remarkable sculptures, feeling just like in a fairyland.  The happiness of traveling is experiencing and exploring, and Diecai Tai Chi Cave is one of the best places to encounter both!

Diecai Hill (Piled Silk Hill)

Xianhe Peak (Crane Peak)

On July 18, 2011, in Caves & Canyons, Guilin, Valleys and Scenic Spots, by Jack Li

Xianhe Peak is located to the northwest of Mingyue Peak (Bright Moon Peak), 253.6 meters above the sea level. With a relative height of 101 meters, it is the highest peak in the Diecai hill, occupying an area of 2.1 hectares. Xianhe Cave (Crane Cave) is located to the side of the peak. It is […]

Xianhe Peak is located to the northwest of Mingyue Peak (Bright Moon Peak), 253.6 meters above the sea level. With a relative height of 101 meters, it is the highest peak in the Diecai hill, occupying an area of 2.1 hectares. Xianhe Cave (Crane Cave) is located to the side of the peak. It is about 14 meters high, 8.6 meters wide at the ground and 60 meters long, and covers an area of 516 square meters. The inside of the Cave is formed in a triangular shape.

It is said that there were two cranes perching on the peak. Someone engraved the cranes on the cave mouth at the hillside, so others could admire them. Thus, the cave got the name “Zhanhe Cave” (Crane Admiring Cave). In Ming Dynasty, a sage converted to Taoism in the cave and gave himself a religious name “Zhanhe Daoren” (Crane Admiring Taoist). Later on, he turned to other occupations and the cave was renamed Crane Cave. Afterwards, both the Peak and the Cave adopted the name “Crane”.

The Cave has two stories. The upper story was used for giving offerings to Emperor Zhenwu (the emperor’s official name), which attracted a lot of worshippers in the past. The offerings were recorded in an ancient poem. The lower part is quite spacious. One can cross the cave from either eastern or western entrance. With smooth rock wall beside and above the cave mouth, the cave resembles a long arched hall. A good view over the area stretches from both of the entrances; however, different scenery emerges, depending on the location. Looking out from the eastern entrance one can see the green hills of Mingyue Peak and Yuyue Peak rising one after another. From the western entrance, the urban view of the north part of the city comes in sight, with buildings standing closely in order.

Diecai Hill (Piled Silk Hill)

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