Grant Courtyard of Wang Travel Tips

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Popular Provinces, Shanxi, Travel Info, by Jack Li

Wang’s Grant Courtyard is an AAAA level scenic spot. Generally, you’d better go on foot rather than take a vehicle when you visit the old city. In addition, there are rickshaws specially serve tourists. The catering feature still takes cooked wheaten food as the principal thing, the same as most parts of Shanxi Province. In […]

Wang’s Grant Courtyard is an AAAA level scenic spot. Generally, you’d better go on foot rather than take a vehicle when you visit the old city. In addition, there are rickshaws specially serve tourists. The catering feature still takes cooked wheaten food as the principal thing, the same as most parts of Shanxi Province. In the morning and evening, millet gruel, steamed bread and sesame seed cake are main food; at noon you have various choices, such as noodles with gravy, noodles with soybean paste and so on; there are complete and delicious seasonings to flavour noodles. Besides, you can taste typical local dish of Pingyao at the Ming Qing Street.

Best time to visit Wang’s Grand Courtyard

Shanxi Province has the typical temperate continental climate. The weather is temperate and dry, the temperature difference of summer and winter is very big and the wind-blown sand is also big. The yearly average temperature is 10.2 centi-degrees and the yearly precipitation is about 540mm, most of which amass in summer.

Wang’s Grand Courtyard Best Routes

Wang’s Ancestral Hall–Gaojia Yabao architectural complex–Jingsheng Literature Temple–Hongmen Bao architectural complex– China Wang’s Museum

Wang’s Grand Courtyard Tickets

Wang’s Grand Courtyard is open to public all the year round, including holidays.

Visiting time: 8:00–19:30 in summer; 8:00–18:00 in winter.

Ticket price: Wang’s Grand Courtyard tourist ticket: 66 yuan

Wang’s Grand Courtyard tour guide ticket: 50 yuan

Literature Temple tourist ticket: 10 yuan

Literature Temple tour guide ticket: 15 yuan

How to get to Wang’s Grand Courtyard

1. Wang’s Grand Courtyard is 140 kilometers away from the provincial capital of Shanxi–Taiyuan and the transportation is very convenient. You can go to Taiyuan by train or by air, and then transship bus to Wang’s Grand Courtyard, which only takes two hours.

2. You can also take the train directly to Jiexiu or Lingshi, then take public bus to Wang’s Court Yard. From 8am to 8pm, there are public buses from Jiexiu to Wang’s Grand Yard, which come every half hours and takes 5 yuan. There are bused depart for Wang’s Courtyard at Lingshi, which come every ten minutes and takes 2 yuan.

3. Recently, the tourist distribution center of Taiyuan Public Transport Company opens up Wang’s Grand Courtyard–Mianshan Mountain two-day travel and Wang’s Grand Courtyard one-day travel special route.

Museum of China Wang

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Chinese Towns & Villages, Museums, Shanxi, by Jack Li

China Wang’s Museum is located in the Hongmen Bao architecture complex of Wang’s Grand Courtyard, which is in Lingshi County of Shanxi Province. Wang’s Grand Courtyard now covers an area of 3500 square meters and it’s the only museum of Wang’s family culture at home and broad. There are 261 kinds of Wang’s family trees […]

China Wang’s Museum is located in the Hongmen Bao architecture complex of Wang’s Grand Courtyard, which is in Lingshi County of Shanxi Province. Wang’s Grand Courtyard now covers an area of 3500 square meters and it’s the only museum of Wang’s family culture at home and broad. There are 261 kinds of Wang’s family trees storing up in the exhibition hall.

The content of exhibition starts from the origin of surname and Wang, showing the first ancestor, lineage, migration, distribution, figures, achievements, records of family pedigree of Wang’s family. In addition, there are numerous extant words, objects, pictures, phonotapes and cideotapes. Meanwhile, Wang’s descendant– Lingshi Jingsheng Wang’s family history is listed as a necessary part. All of these exhibitions reflect Wang’ contributions to the civilizing process in five thousand years history of China.

Wang’s Grand Courtyard is Jerusalem in Wang’s family members’ heart all over china. China Wang’s Museum, which takes Wang’s Grand Courtyard as the carrier, is the centralized exhibit of the overall features of Wang’s family members; it’s also the final end-result of Wang’s spirits in various sections of society. With the constant improvement of the exhibition hall, China Wang’s Museum will finally become a Wang’s family culture center, which has complete functions and gathers research, collection and exhibition.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Ancestral Hall of Wang

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, China Attractions, Cool Places, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Wang’s Ancestral Hall includes Xiaoyi Hall and Xiaoyi Memorial Arch, which was built for Wang Mengpeng. Xiaoyi Memerial Arch was built in the 51th year of Emperor Qianlong’s region (1786), following the imperial edict. Xiaoyi Temple was built in the first year of Emperor Jiaqing’s region (1796), which has two stories with the total area […]

Wang’s Ancestral Hall includes Xiaoyi Hall and Xiaoyi Memorial Arch, which was built for Wang Mengpeng. Xiaoyi Memerial Arch was built in the 51th year of Emperor Qianlong’s region (1786), following the imperial edict. Xiaoyi Temple was built in the first year of Emperor Jiaqing’s region (1796), which has two stories with the total area 428 square meters. There are ancestor worship hall and drama stage on upstairs; the models of Wang’s Ancestral Hall and graves, as well as a stereo statue which records the benefaction during Wang Mengpeng’s whole life are on display downstairs.

Wang’s Ancestral Hall is divided into two yards with complete functions and exquisite design. In the front of the hall, stands the elaborately caved Xiaoyi Memorial Arch. As the home where souls of Wang’s ancestor rest, the ancestralhall has attracted ten thousand of Wang’s overseas descendants to visit and worship their ancestors since 1998.  Gao’s Cliff Village, Red Door Village and Wang’s Ancestral Hall were all built during Emperor Yongzheng’ Region in Qing Dynasty. There are 123 courtyards, 1118 rooms and an area of 45000 square meters in Wang’s Ancestral Hall, which is the best preserved architecture quintessence in Wang’s Grand Courtyard. Although Wang’s great power can not coma back, the still existing Wang’s Grand Courtyard can be called a miracle in China. Just as what the world famous scholar, the professor Mr Wang Luxiang said after visiting:” Wang is a surname, surname is half a country; family is a courtyard, courtyard is half a city.”

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Jingsheng Literature Temple

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Popular Provinces, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Jingsheng Literature TempleIt has distinct northern feature and can compare favourably with literature temples in counties. Get out of Wang’s Grand Courtyard, pass by the parking lot, you can see the beautiful Kuixing Tower of Jingsheng Literature Temle in the south of the courtyard. Screen wall, Lingxing Gate, Dacheng Gate, Dacheng Hall, Qin Hall and […]

Jingsheng Literature TempleIt has distinct northern feature and can compare favourably with literature temples in counties. Get out of Wang’s Grand Courtyard, pass by the parking lot, you can see the beautiful Kuixing Tower of Jingsheng Literature Temle in the south of the courtyard.

Screen wall, Lingxing Gate, Dacheng Gate, Dacheng Hall, Qin Hall and Zunjing Pavilion are located along the axis. The architecture style of Literature Temple is mainly Yuan and Ming Dynasty style. The screen wall of Carps jumping over the dragon gate at the entrance is a relic of Yuan Dynasty. Lingxing Gate is a memorial stone archway with four pillars and it’s particularly exquisite. There are a pool and a bridge between Lingxing Gate and Dacheng Gate.

The main hall Dacheng Hall is as wide as three rooms and also as deep as three rooms. The hall has been repaired for many times, and the point of hanging it on the mountain top is still thought-provoking. Besides, Danbi Stone on the stylobate is also a relic of Yuan Dynasty. There are five halls without beams to the north of Dacheng Hall, the middle three of which were used as resting hall for the wife of teacher Zhisheng; Chongsheng Hall is to the east of Dacheng Hall, which is used to enshrine and worship Confucius; to the west, Qisheng Hall is used to enshrine Confucius parents. At the back of Wuliang Hall is Zunjing Pavilion. In addition, local public welfare granary and Confucian temples were built besides Literature Temple.

Jingsheng Literature Temple has a total area of 3500 square meters and a history of 700 hundred years. Having been repaired many times during Ming, Qing Dynasty and the Republic of China, Jingsheng Literature Temple still keep the original appearance, which makes it a precious cultural heritage.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Red Door Village

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Chinese Towns & Villages, Shanxi, by Jack Li

The whole structure of Red Door Village buildings is like a city, leaning upon a tall slope from bottom to top, sitting north and embracing south. In a shape of rectangle, the buildings’ walls are standing upright, with the highest part reaching 28 meters. There are 88 yards, 776 rooms in the village, taking an […]

The whole structure of Red Door Village buildings is like a city, leaning upon a tall slope from bottom to top, sitting north and embracing south. In a shape of rectangle, the buildings’ walls are standing upright, with the highest part reaching 28 meters. There are 88 yards, 776 rooms in the village, taking an area of 25000 square meters. It is built during the period of the forth year of Qianlong Emperor (in 1739) and the prosperous period of Wang family, the 58th of Qianlong Emperor (in 1793).

There is a Chinese word “Wang” in the general sculpt. Wang families through this way leave their family name on this land. According to the local ideas, the Red Door Village is the image of dragon- the upholding village top is the dragon head while the two water wells in the west and east are the dragon eyes. It is said the vertical stroke in Wang through south and north is the main body of the dragon while the road surface paved by cobbles is dragon scale. The small alleys in front of the yard are dragon claws while the cypress facing afar to the red door is the dragon tail. Most of the yards are quadrangle dwellings with halls and rooms. Located in the east alley of third first, the magnificent green door yard is one of the places which travelers feast their eyes.

In the quadrangle dwellings, the Sima Courtyard usually called “Monster Courtyard” is the first yard along the east of second first west alley, where used to live Wang Yande. The mansion is named “Sima” for its host takes official position “Zhou Sima” and there is a tablet with scripture “Sima” written on it. The yard is beautifully arranged in the layout and separated into four delicate yards, which all connected as well as independent. The top first yard of Red Door Village has four gardens, which all suit to local conditions, forming the structure with gardens in the front and yards in the back. During every spring and summer, the grasses are green and the gorgeous flowers are in blossom with birds singing on the tree and fish swimming around. Travelers are not willing to leave this natural and comfortable place when they have a rest here.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Gao Cliff

On August 26, 2011, in Ancient Houses & Courtyards, Popular Provinces, Shanxi, by Jack Li

Gao’s Cliff began to be built in the first year of Jiaqing Emperor (1796) and finished in the sixteenth year of Jiaqing Emperor (1811), which takes almost 20 years. The building accounts for 11728 square meters, with 26 courtyards and 218 rooms. It is constructed by the seventeenth generation of Wang family, Wang Rucong and […]

Gao’s Cliff began to be built in the first year of Jiaqing Emperor (1796) and finished in the sixteenth year of Jiaqing Emperor (1811), which takes almost 20 years. The building accounts for 11728 square meters, with 26 courtyards and 218 rooms. It is constructed by the seventeenth generation of Wang family, Wang Rucong and Wang Rucheng and it is also the last large-scale building built by Jingsheng Wang family.

There are four typical features of Gao’s Cliff building. The first one is that it builds upon the mountain, sitting north and facing south, fronting water and with hills on the back. The whole buildings are well ordered according to the shape of the mountain, so there is enough light and great ventilation. The buildings and mountains bring out the best in each other. The second feature is that the layout of the buildings follows the Xizhou Dynasty style with halls in the front and bedrooms in the back, which has colorful space and high reliability, fully reflecting the class difference in feudal society. The third feature of Gao’s Cliff is its magnificence and complete function symmetry along the axle wire, showing a middle course of the Confucian school. There is always one yard connecting with another, one door in another door, which is quite interesting. The fourth feature is the various kinds of carvings with different designs and content and excellent technique, brick carvings, wood carvings and stone carvings, which integrate Han nationality, folk customs and arts into one together. They are the models of the “delicacy and intricacy” of the architectural decorations in Qing Dynasty. Many experts and scholars regard Gao’s Cliff buildings as extremely charming folk houses which has landscape to see, interests to appreciate, pavilions and verandas to wander around and rooms to live in.

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Chinese Folk Forbidden City- Grand Courtyard of Wang

Wang’s Grand Courtyard is in the Jingsheng County which is 12 kilometers to the east of Lingshi County in Shanxi Province. Wang’s Grand Courtyard is the master of the buildings in Qing Dynasty. It is built by descendants of Wang in Taiyuan, one of the four families of Lingshi County and finished successively during Kangxi, […]

Wang’s Grand Courtyard is in the Jingsheng County which is 12 kilometers to the east of Lingshi County in Shanxi Province. Wang’s Grand Courtyard is the master of the buildings in Qing Dynasty. It is built by descendants of Wang in Taiyuan, one of the four families of Lingshi County and finished successively during Kangxi, Qianlong, Jiaqing period of Qing Dynasty.

The building structure is huge, which includes “five alleys”, “five villages” and “five ancestral halls”. The layout of the five ancient villages is compared with shapes of five sacred animals, “dragon”, and “phoenix”, “turtle”, “kylin” and “tiger”. The whole area accounts for over 250,000 square meters. Now the three architectural complexes, Red Door Village (dragon), Gao’s Cliff (phoenix) and Chongning Village (tiger) are open to the public separately as “Chinese Residential Art Gallery”, “Chinese Wang’s Museum” and “Liqun Art Gallery”. Including Wang’s Ancestral Hall, there are 231 yards, 2078 rooms and 80,000 square meters’ area open to the public.

Wang’s Ancestral Hall is separated into upper and lower one, which has complete functions and delicate design. There is elaborated carve “Xiaoyi Lane” in front of the ancestral hall. The general structure of Chongning Village leans upon the tall slope, sitting north and facing south, the style of which is quite similar to that of Ming Dynasty. The Liqun Art Gallery in it displays all the works of modern famous print engraver, Li Qun, which are the quintessence of his art image. The art image will spread from generation to generation and has a profound and lasting effect in the circle of culture and art.

Gao’s Cliff and Red Door Village are oppositely connected by a bridge, which are all the castle-like buildings with totally enclosed type on the Yellow Soil Plateau. The outward appearance is according to the nature and has both body and the spirit while the inner part consists of cave dwellings, which are cleverly connected and inherit the courtyard style with halls in the front and bedrooms in the backyard which had been formed during Chinese Xizhou period. Added with elaborated brick carvings, wood carvings and stone carvings, the village is both beautiful and functional, integrating both south and north appeal and of high cultural value. The two main buildings of Gao’s Cliff are both quadrangle dwellings. Apart from high ancestral hall and crassula sericeas, every yard has its own galley and study room and they share common book room, garden, and servant room. The walls around are totally enclosed and the four doors suit to local conditions. The big and small yards have both happy connection and independence, visible and invisible from time to time. When you place yourself in it, you will feel like being in a maze, for there is always one yard in another. Now all the yards and rooms are arranged according to the feudal rules “social status, economic position, old and young, inward and outward” and display all the antiques of Jingsheng Wang, which almost resume the historical image of Wang. Wang’s Grand Courtyard, as the excellent traditional architecture cultural heritage and art pressure of folk houses, has a positive effect at home and abroad. It is honored as “First House of Huaxia Folk Residence”, “Chinese Folk Forbidden City” and “Forbidden City in Shanxi”.

Wang’s Grand Courtyard Attractions

Gao’s Cliff

Red Door Village

Wang’s Ancestral Hall

Chinese Wang’s Museum

Jingsheng Temple

Wang’s Grand Courtyard Story

1. Red Door Village and Green Door Courtyard

The rows of yards in Red Door Village, from top to bottom, the local people usually call them bottom first, second first, third first and top first. Most of the yards are quadrangle dwellings with halls and rooms. Located in the east alley of third first, the magnificent green door yard is one of the places which travelers feast their eyes. The green door yard used to the mansion of Wang Zhongji, a senior officer in feudal China. Qianlong Emperor came here and granted a yellow jacket and a piece silver tablet to him in the fiftieth year of Qianlong Emperor (in 1785). In the first year of Jiaqing Emperor, he was invited to “thousands old people dinner” held by feudal government. Wang Zhongji was quite honored and brought glory to his ancestors. His grandfather used to be invited to “thousands old people dinner” and granted a dragon head crutch for he had helped Kangxi Emperor to conquer the rebellion Wu Sangui. They both brought endless glory to Wang family, so the mansion was built more and more grand. It is said after construction, to gain good fortune, they painted the door into red. However, out of their expectation, people prosecuted his family against feudal rules, so the feudal government sent people to investigate and deal with the case. In danger, the feudal officer in the imperial court sent news secretly, so Wang Zhongji painted the door into green and painted the door of the village into red, which helped them get rid of disaster. This is why we call Red Door Village and Green Door Courtyard.

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