Black Dragon Pool is at the foot of Five Old Men Peak of Longquan Mountain in the northern countryside of Kunming City. According to the Book of Former Han·Gnas-yig, there was Black Water Temple in the northwest of Dian Lake County, Yizhou County, which means the Black Water Temple in Han Dynasty is today’s Black […]
Black Dragon Pool is at the foot of Five Old Men Peak of Longquan Mountain in the northern countryside of Kunming City. According to the Book of Former Han·Gnas-yig, there was Black Water Temple in the northwest of Dian Lake County, Yizhou County, which means the Black Water Temple in Han Dynasty is today’s Black Dragon Pool Taoist Temple. It is the first place of historic interest and scenic beauty in Yunnan Province. The water in the pool will never dry up for the dragon palace of Yuannan Black Dragon King is here, so it is named “Black Dragon Pool”.
Since Tang and Song dynasty, people in Kunming had been coming to Black Dragon Pool to pray for rain. At the beginning of Ming Dynasty, the lord of Qian Kingdom, Mu went for large-scale construction here and changed Dragon Temple into Black Dragon Palace, so the whole Dragon Spring Palace began to take shape. Later during Ming and Qing dynasty, Yunnan officer continuingly built and consummated Dragon Spring Palace. During the Republic of China (1912-1949), this place was once called Dragon Spring Park. Black Dragon Pool is honored as the “first ancient temple in Middle Yunnan Province.” At the same time, it is well-known for its “four unique treasures”, which are Tang winter sweet, Song cypress, Ming Tea and Ming Tomb.
Nowadays, the building of Black Dragon Pool is separated into two Taoist temples. The lower temple “Black Dragon Palace”, built in 1454, is a building with two yards. There is a censer in the outer court, with images of The Eight Diagrams carved on the both sides and the Plough on the side faces. There images are used by Taoism to counteract evil force. In the pool of the inner court, there is a vivid statue of Black Dragon playing with water. It is said that it is the Du Dragon King who is in charge of the cloud and rain of Yunnan. You can also see the black and yellow dragon twisting on the cylinder in the Dragon Temple and other Gods consecrated on the altar like Dragon King, Thunder and Lightening and Rain and Wind who are in charge of rain.
At the end of 2003, during the reconstruction of Black Dragon Pool Park, a pair of couplet written by Lin Zexu was hung on the pillars of Black Dragon Palace. The contents of the couplet suit the worship and atmosphere perfectly, which adds historical and cultural connotation to the park. In front of the Black Dragon Palace, there is the water mentioned in the “two trees of winter sweets and a pool of water. The two pools of water connect with each other and take the stone bridge as the boundary. On the left side, there is Muddy Water Pool, which is half a meter deep and with an area of 2600 square meters. On the right side, there is Clean Water Pool. The average depth of this pool is 7 meters while the deepest part is 11 meters. It accounts for 600 square meters and 4400 cubic meters water retention capacity. The water in the two connected pools is quite distinct from each other, forming the Pattern of Taiji of Taoism, because Clean Water Pool is deep and clean while the Muddy Water Pool is shallow and muddy. Now there are many kinds of winter sweets on the back mountain in the park. In all there are almost 90 kinds and over 6000 trees, so it is named “Dragon Pool Visiting Titoni”, which is one of the famous new sixteen sites of Kunming. Black Dragon Pool Titoni Garden is the biggest Titoni garden in China, which accounts for 427 mu (1mu=0.0667 hectares).
It is difficult to ask the way into downtown areas of Kunming because most people in Kunming speak with a different dialect. Therefore, it is inconvenient to communicate with them. Furthermore, many citizens in Kunming are from other places outside Kunming, so they actually don’t know roads of Kunming very well. However, if you ask […]
It is difficult to ask the way into downtown areas of Kunming because most people in Kunming speak with a different dialect. Therefore, it is inconvenient to communicate with them. Furthermore, many citizens in Kunming are from other places outside Kunming, so they actually don’t know roads of Kunming very well. However, if you ask young people in Kunming, they will be friendly and kindhearted, explaining the way to you with unflagging patience. The early bus in Kunming departs quite late, which is very inconvenient for tourists from other places. Luckily, most citizens of this city are so leisurely that you don’t need to come here burning with impatience.
Best time to visit the Dian Lake
There is neither cold winter nor hot summer in Kunming, so it’s called “Spring City”. The climate is humid/monsoon with the yearly average temperature 15℃. The average temperature of the hottest month is 19~22℃ while that of the coldest month is 6~8℃. The temperature difference of a day in Kunming is quite big and it can be 12~20℃ in spring and winter, so don’ t forget to take a sweater or coat when you go there.
The rainy season of Kunming is from May to October. Once it rains, the temperature will drop, so you’d better take a wind coat. It is appropriate to visit Kunming all the year round, but the best time is from March to October, when there are many minority festivals in the Yunnan Province as well as lots of fruits and flowers. Therefore, you will experience the harvest here if you come at that time.
The Dian Lake Best Routes
West Mountain Forest Park–Guanyin Mountain–Grand View Pavilion– Haigeng Park–Yunnan Nationality Village–Yunnan Nationality Museum
The Dian Lake Tickets
Tourists are free of charge for the Dian Lake; it takes 8 yuan to visit Haigeng Park.
How to get to the Dian Lake
Take No24 or No44 bus and get off at Haigeng Park, only costs 1 yuan.
Hall of Pure Trinity is a Taoist temple which is located in the mountain side of West Mountain in Kunming. It was originally an imperial palace for short stays away from the capital in hot summer days for Liang Wang in Yuan Dynasty. Then it was transformed into Pavilion of Jade Emperor in the beginning […]
Hall of Pure Trinity is a Taoist temple which is located in the mountain side of West Mountain in Kunming. It was originally an imperial palace for short stays away from the capital in hot summer days for Liang Wang in Yuan Dynasty. Then it was transformed into Pavilion of Jade Emperor in the beginning of Ming Dynasty. In the next few years, Hall of Divine Inspiration, Hall of Pure Trinity, Sanfeng Palace, Lvzu Palace, Yuan Emperor Palace, Zhenwu Palace, Qizhen Palace, Zhangxian Palace, Laojun Palace, Baoyi Palace, Feiyun Pavilion, Doumu Pavion were built in succession. These palaces stand tier upon tier and arranged in close order with outstanding features.
Above Hall of Pure Trinity is the Longmen Grottoes, which was cut on steep precipices and cliffs of Luohan Mountain. There are 22 Taoist statues in total, being the largest Taoist grottoes in Yunnan Province. Hall of Pure Trinity was firstly a pavilion for Liangwang to spend hot summer days; then it gradually developed into a recessed cliff architecture complex with rise of Taoist palaces. If you ascend the stairs from Longmen Village under the cliff, look up 1000 wandering stone steps, you will have a special feeling.
Because Hall of Pure Trinity was built on cliff, it seems that the air castle of Taoist immortals is just in front of your eyes and it looks like carved beams and painted rafters. There are many bizarre stones and artful holes in the architecture complex, the most interesting of which is called “Obedient Cow Spring”. It was said that once upon a time, a butcher lived at the foot of the mountain. One day, when he tried to slaughter a cow, a calf suddenly snapped the butcher’s knife and rushed to the mountain. When arriving at “Obedient Cow Spring”, it weighed down the knife with its small body. Seeing the scene, the butcher returned with complex feelings and set the cow free. From then on, the spring has been called “Obedient Cow Spring”.
Temple of Magnificent Pavilion is located in the mountainside of West Mountain in Kunming, Yunnan Province. When you climb on Huating Mountain, you can see bamboo in uniform rows and pine tree shade along the passageway. In the immense forest, a pavilion decorated with china blue hides among pine and cypress, which is the door […]
Temple of Magnificent Pavilion is located in the mountainside of West Mountain in Kunming, Yunnan Province. When you climb on Huating Mountain, you can see bamboo in uniform rows and pine tree shade along the passageway. In the immense forest, a pavilion decorated with china blue hides among pine and cypress, which is the door of Temple of Magnificent Pavilion–Bell Tower. Tourists can hear sharp and clear bell tone resound in the mountain.
The name of Magnificent Pavilion can date from the Dali Kingdom. It was said that a high official Gao Zhisheng built a villa here in 1063, then his posterity Gao Xian started to call it “Magnificent Pavilion”. From then on, the pavilion became a place for Gao’s family to play in and have a banquet.
Hall building in Temple of Magnificent Pavilion are divided into two stories. The building is awe-inspiring in size and design, compact in layout; on the left are reclined Buddha and Taihua Mountaintop, on the right is Yu’an and in the front is the Dian Lake. When look as far as you can in front of the temple, you can see the surrounding mountains. When the sky is blue, the lake seems to melt into the sky. The watery blue reaching far beyond the horizon casts light on the Group Mountains and makes them look much more beautiful.
Temple of Magnificent Pavilion sits on the west and faces the east, quite different from most temples in mainland, which sit on the north and face the south. The temple covers an area of 18 mu (12,000 square meters) and appears as rectangle. It is a symmetrical and enclosed temple, which is deeply affected by Confucianism. The stereo buildings were arranged along the axis wire, such as the free life pond, Hall of Heavenly King, Eight Merits Pond, the Great Buddha’s Hall and depositary of Buddhist sutra. There are scripture hall, ancestor’s hall, abbot’s quarters, monk’s hall, visitor’s hall, bath house, and storehouse along the lateral axis. All the buildings take the Great Buddha’s Hall as the center, look like a myriad of stars surround the moon.
Haigeng Park was built in the early years of 1960s, in the south of the “Spring City” Kunming in Yunnan Province and at the bank of “Pearl of Plateau” Dian Lake. It is about 10 kilometers away from the center of Kunming and the transportation there is very convenient. “Haigeng” means the dyke of the […]
Haigeng Park was built in the early years of 1960s, in the south of the “Spring City” Kunming in Yunnan Province and at the bank of “Pearl of Plateau” Dian Lake. It is about 10 kilometers away from the center of Kunming and the transportation there is very convenient. “Haigeng” means the dyke of the sea and originally it is a long dyke in the Dian Lake.
The dyke, from Haigeng Country in the east to the West Mountain in the west is five kilometers long with from 60 to 300 meters wide. The over 300 square kilometers Dian Lake is separated into two parts: the south part is broad Dian Lake while the north part is “Grass Sea”. Here with dense and green forests, rippling lake surface, and sails of fish boats, bringing the garden landscape and country landscape, quite attractive and beautiful. The whole sea dyke can be four scenic spots: in the east, there is national sport training center; in the middle there is beach outdoor bathing place with soft sand; in the west, there is park area, in which you can appreciate beautiful view of lake and mountains; in the north, there are travelling center. There are also many other large-scale vocation resorts and gardens where travelers can enjoy themselves. You can spend holidays here all the year round and you can take bus 24 to get here.
The long sea dyke from west to east lasting almost for four kilometers and a half is like a jade ribbon floating on the lake, separating the lake into two parts. The south part is the main body of the Dian Lake, surrounded by mountains and filled with sails, quite tremendous. While the north part is “Grass Sea”, of which the water is like as peaceful as a mirror and the banks are twisted. On the banks, the trees are tall enough to reach the sky with braches dwelling on the lake surface. Watching the lake afar here, you can have a special experience. In the south part of the sea dyke, the soft sand shaped beaches and green waters make this place a perfect natural swimming place. Every summer, numerous people come here to enjoy their time.
Guanyin Moutain is in the central part of the Dian Lake west bank, which is about 18 kilometers from West Mountain. It is a stone mountain standing abruptly. It is not very high but very cliffy. The shape of the mountain is quite unique like a flying phoenix. Taking a boat on the Dian Lake, […]
Guanyin Moutain is in the central part of the Dian Lake west bank, which is about 18 kilometers from West Mountain. It is a stone mountain standing abruptly. It is not very high but very cliffy. The shape of the mountain is quite unique like a flying phoenix. Taking a boat on the Dian Lake, the flying phoenix is vivid and true to life, so people in Kunming call it “Spread Phoenix”.
The forests are dense and the buildings stand upright magnificently. The temple is just located in on the back of the “phoenix”, taking a sense of sacred sky. The Dian Lake is broad and beautiful with thousands of sails, as if it were a fairyland on earth. At the foot of Guanyin Mountain, there are villages of people of Bai nationality, about over 500 families here. The rich culture of Bai nationality makes Guanyin Mountain more charming and attractive.
During Ming Dynasty, two famous monks Wuzhen and Mingquan, built the back palace of Guanyin Mountain and rebuilt the Jialan Palace and Sacred Monk Palace, so there are a group of buildings with three floors. Standing on the Guanyin Mountain and looking up, the clouds are vast and boundless and the sky is quite near. Looking down, you will see the beautiful lake with fish boats and sea birds on it, which is too beautiful to be absorbed all at once.
White Fish Mouth Scenic Spot is located in the west bank of the Dian Lake, 30 kilometers away from Kunming. It looks like a peninsula sticks into the Dian Lake. There are exuberant trees and bright and clean lake water, creating a beautiful environment. When the flood season comes, silts come from the west and […]
White Fish Mouth Scenic Spot is located in the west bank of the Dian Lake, 30 kilometers away from Kunming. It looks like a peninsula sticks into the Dian Lake. There are exuberant trees and bright and clean lake water, creating a beautiful environment. When the flood season comes, silts come from the west and deposit in the lake. The water body is so quiet that white fish come in large numbers, they play in the Dian Lake, and so the sight is called “White Fish Mouth”. Another version says that there is a hill besides the valley, which looks like a open-mouthed white fish, so it is called “White Fish Mouth”.
In the north of White Fish Mouth Valley, there are 6,666 square meters flatland that leans against a precipitous cliff and faces the Dian Lake. In early years of Republic of China, there built a garden villa and a tower which was completely piled up by blocks and looks like a Chinese character “Lei”; therefore, it was called “Lei Garden”. There are three stories in Lei Garden, which look solemn, archaic and like old European castle. The wall of the small hall on the second floor is vitreous and there is French window fronting towards the lake. Staying in the hall, tourists can have a panoramic view of a landscape of lakes and mountains.
There are many small rooms besides Lei Garden, fishpond and rockery have been built in the west while sakura, junipers and Malus spectabilises are planted in the east. There is a causeway beside the lake with weeping willow. Moreover, there is a lilypond along the causeway where hibiscus rising out of water. There are arch bridges and paved roads surrounded the pond, as well as two stone pavilions which is the typical European style. In 1953, workers’ sanatorium was built at White Fish Mouth and Lei Garden was incorporated to it. Since then White Fish Mouth has become a wonderful health resort which is also called “Konggu Garden”. In addition, there built yacht dock at the lakeside in the southeast of villa; there is a stone causeway sticking into the Dian Lake where can park boats and enjoy the sight.
The Dian Lake, also named Kunming Lake or Kunming Pool is a big lake in the Province ofYunnan in China. Regarded as the “Pearl on Plateau”, the Dian Lake is the center of the Kunming scenic site. The Dian Lake is in the southwest of Kunming along with West Mountain tothe west of the lake, […]
The Dian Lake is in the southwest of Kunming along with West Mountain tothe west of the lake, it is also a famous travelling destination. Formed by tectonic depressionPanlongriver was created. The lake is 1886 meters, covering an area of 330 square kilometers. The average depth is 5 meters and the deepest part can reach 8 meters. The lake’s water flowing out at the southwest estuario is called Mantis Mountain. The Dian Lake is the six biggest inland fresh lake. To take precaution against flood and ensure there is water for agriculture irrigation and daily life, some dams and reservoirs have been built. In the lake you can see many kinds of beautiful fish.
The Dian Lake was one of the earliest places to be developedand it is where the tribes called “Dian” or “Dianji” lived.The general in the warring states period entered into this area and founded the Dian Country. During the Western Han Dynasty, Hanwu Emperor installed Yizhou County. In the 1276 A.D. the Yunnan Province was built and the Chiya City was changed into Kunming, which is now the capital of Yunnan Province.
The landscape of the Dian Lake is quite beautiful. The lake surface is broad with numerous sails on it. The view of the lake and mountains is gorgeous as well as charming. Surrounding the lake thereis Yunnan ethic country, Yunnan ethic museum, Hualiang Temple, Taihua Temple, Hall of Pure Trinity, Dragon Gate, Zhuzu Temple, Grand View Pavilion, Panlong Temple and Zhenghe Park and other scenic spots. There is cableway connecting the ethic country and West Mountain Park, which offers both convenient traffic and perfect place to view the Dian Lake. The Dian Lake is national level holiday resort, which accounts for 18 square kilometers, separated into ten functional areas. Now it has become increasingly tremendous and it will turn into world’s vocation resort with unique ethnic features and cultures.
The Dian Lake Attractions
The Dian Lake Story
1. The Legend of the Dian Lake
A Long time ago the Kunming area was dry land. There was a handsome hunter who left his wife and went to East Lake to get water. At the seashore, he saw an eagle that held a small red fish in its mouth. Immediately the hunter shot the eagle and saved the fish. Later it turned out the fish was the third princess of Dragon King. She fell in love with the hunter and wanted to marry him. However, the hunter missed his wife so much, so when Dragon King is out, he swallowed lot of fresh water and went back to Kunming. His wife was dead for missing him too badly and turned into the Sleeping Beauty Mountain. The hunter was sad, so he spat out the fresh water and killed the mountain. The fresh water is in the Dian Lake today.
2. Guanyin Mountain
Guanyin Mountain was originally named Shizui Mountain. It is said that at the beginning of Ming Dynasty, the farmers in theJinning County found a Guanyin bronze statue. They wanted to transfer theGuanyin statue to Jinningvia the water. However, when the ship came near the waters around the Shizui Mountain it suddenly began to rain. The ship had to wait until the wave calmed down. When the ship finally restarted, the wave appeared again. People had to put theGuanyin statue into the local temple to worship. As soon as theGuanyin Statue was installed, the waves calmed down and the sky was bright. Then people totally understood that Guanyin had chosen the mountain and was not willing to go on. Therefore, according to the will of the Guanyin, people built a Guanyin temple here. From then on, the mountain has been named Guanyin Mountain.
The Badaguan Convalescene Area is one of the most famous attractions in Qingdao. There are many fancy villas dotted in the area. But all the villas are not open to public except for the Huashi Villa. You can only enjoy the gorgeos exteriors of them. As for the Huashi Villa, please remember that you can […]
The Badaguan Convalescene Area is one of the most famous attractions in Qingdao. There are many fancy villas dotted in the area. But all the villas are not open to public except for the Huashi Villa. You can only enjoy the gorgeos exteriors of them. As for the Huashi Villa, please remember that you can only take photos outside but are not allowed to do that inside.
Best Time to Visit the Badaguan Convalescence Area:
The best time to visit the Badaguan Convalescence Area is in autumn. Qingdao is in the north temperate zone with a monsoon climate. Downtown Qingdao is wet with a moderate temperature and four distinctive seasons. The weather of Qingdao is strongly affected by the sea. In spring it is a little cooler in Qingdao compared with the interior area. The spring is warm with lots of rain. But it is not hot at all.
Badaguan Convalescence Area Best Routes
None available now.
Badaguan Convalescence Tickets:
Huashi Villa Ticket: 8.5 yuan/person
Open Time: 08：30-17：30
How to get to the Badaguan Convalescence Area:
The Qingdao International Airport is located in the northern part of Qingdao, 23 kilometers away from the downtown. The buses in the airport, such as bus 302, 305 can take you to the downtown directly. If you have any questions about the airport and the buses, please call 0532-96576.
You can take a couch to Qingdao from many cities in and around the Shandong Province, such as Zibo and Weihai. There are several coach stations in Qingdao. If you want to go to the First Coach Station, take bus 5 and bus 215, and for the Second Coach Station, bus 26, 304, 316, 501, 801, for the Third Coach Station, bus 8.
Transportation within Qingdao:
If you want to visit the Badaguan Convalescene Area, you can take bus 26, 304, and 31, and get off at the Wushengguanlu Station.
The No. 8 on the Shanhaiguan Avenue is the Diaoyutai Villa of Qingdao. It is called “the Diaoyutai Villa” because many Chinese and foreign political leaders stayed there during their visit to Qingdao (There is a famous hotel in Beijing called “Diaoyutai”, and it is used for receiving political leaders all over the world.). The […]
The No. 8 on the Shanhaiguan Avenue is the Diaoyutai Villa of Qingdao. It is called “the Diaoyutai Villa” because many Chinese and foreign political leaders stayed there during their visit to Qingdao (There is a famous hotel in Beijing called “Diaoyutai”, and it is used for receiving political leaders all over the world.). The villa consists of two main buildings, with a total floor area of 1226.22 square meters. The building on the right side is American style architecture. It is an asymmetric four story building. Most of the walls are occupied by large windows. It impresses visitors for its simple and elegant design. The building used to be Commander of the United States Seventh Fleet, General Kirk’s residence. All the well-preserved furniture in the house was shipped oversea from American. After the People’s Republic of China was founded in 1949, many political leaders of China have visited here, including Chairman Mao and Prime Minister Zhou Enlai. The building on the left side is a newly established hotel. It was built in 1993. There are indoor swimming pools, gymnasiums, sauna bathrooms, a bowling alley and a billiard room in the building. The five-star hotel welcomes a lot of famous visitors every day.