Xiu Mountain

On September 1, 2011, in Dali, Kunming, Mountain Areas, Temples, by Jack Li

In Ming Dynasty Xiu Mountain in Tonghai with JinMa Mountain and Biji Mountain in Kunming, Cang Mountain in Dali is known as ‘the famous four mountains in Yunnan. And it has the reputation as ‘the Beauty of Yunnan’. In Han Dynasty, people began to develop Xiu Mountain. They built temple, pavilion, and garden. In Yuan, Ming, Qing Dynasties, it became Buddhist resort. During the Republic, it was changed into park. Xiu Mountain is situated in the south of Tonghai County. After several rebuilt, Xiu Mountain Park is composed of Sanyuan Palace, Puguan Temple, Yuhuang Pavilion, Qingliang Platform, Wanshou Palace, Doutian Pavilion and Yonhjin Temple.

Puguang Temple was built in Yuan Dynasty. The construction of the front hall is the typical Mongolian building style. In the temple, there are two pagodas built in Yuan Dynasty in memory of the sacred monk Li Panfu. In the eastern house of the temple, there is the Wash Bowl Pool which was cut in the mountain rock. Above the pool, the spring from the crack of the mountain rock keeps dripping. It sounds like music.

The original name of Qingliang Platform is Qingliang Temple. It was built by Tie Niu monk who was very famous in Yuan Dynasty. After several repairs, it became what it looks like now. The terrain of the temple is very steep. As the temple is surrounded by trees and it is situated between mountain and lake, the cool breeze constantly blows.

Yongjin Temple is also known as Dading Temple. It is the tallest building in Xiu Mountain. As it looks like a golden lotus appeared on the mountain, it was called as Yongjin in Chinese. Its total area is over 6,000 square meters. The temple is vey magnificent. It could be divided into three parts. ‘Gubai Pavilion’ is in the middle. It is a wooden building with delicate designs. Mahavira Hall has the statue of Buddha which is very vivid. In front of the hall stand three monuments, separately situated in the east, west and north. The garden of the temple is also very beautiful. The cypresses planted in Song Dynasty, the cedars planted in Yuan Dynasty and Magnolia denudates planted in Ming Dynasty were called as ‘the three treasures of Xiu Mountain.

Xiu Mountain is not only has beautiful sceneries, but also has many famous products of writers and poets. The total number of the ancient stone tablets which carved literary works is over 200. These tablets are the good combinations of poems, paintings and calligraphy.

Jack Li
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