Nanjing Cultural Background

On August 4, 2011, in Festivals, Tours, Transportation, by Jack Li

Being one of the four ancient capitals of China, Nanjing has always been a
cultural center attracting intellectuals from all over the country. In the Tang
and Song dynasties, Nanjing was a place where poets gathered and composed poems reminiscent of its luxurious past; during the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the city was the official imperial examination center for the Jiangnan region, again acting as a hub where different thoughts and opinions converged and thrived. Luxury China Hotels are also remarkable buildings in Nanjing, do not hesitate on coming to this amazing city to enrich your culture, get your China Flights as soon as possible!

Today, with a long cultural tradition and strong support from local
educational institutions, Nanjing is commonly viewed as a “city of culture” and
one of the more pleasant cities to live in China.

Art

Some of the leading art groups of China are based in Nanjing; they include:
Qianxian Dance Company, Nanjing Dance Company, Jiangsu Peking Opera Institute, Nanjing Xiaohonghua Art Company are just a few to list.

Jiangsu Art Gallery is the largest gallery in Jiangsu Province, presenting some of the best traditional and contemporary art pieces of China; many other smaller-scale galleries, such as Red Chamber Art Garden and Jinling Stone Gallery, also have their own special exhibitions.

Festivals

Many traditional festivals and customs were observed in the old times,
which included climbing the City Wall on January 16, bathing in Qing Xi on March 3, hill hiking on September 9 and others (the dates are in Chinese lunar calendar). Almost none of them, however, are still celebrated by modern Nanjingese.

Instead, Nanjing, as a popular tourist destination, hosts a series of
government organized events throughout the year. The annual International Plum Blossom Festival held in Plum Hill, the largest plum collection in
China, attracts thousands of tourists both domestically and internationally.
Other events include Nanjing Baima Peach Blossom and Kite Festival, Jiangxin
Zhou Fruit Festival and Linggu Temple Sweet Osmanthus Festival.

Libraries

Nanjing Library, founded in 1907, houses more than 7 million volumes of printed materials and is the third largest library in China, after the National Library in Beijing and Shanghai Library. Other libraries, such as city-owned Jinling Library and various district libraries, also provide considerable amount of information to citizens. Nanjing University Library, owned by Nanjing University, with a collection of 4.2 million volumes, is also one of the leading university libraries. More than 100 multimedia networked-computers are available to readers.

Museums

Nanjing has some of the oldest and finest museums in China. Nanjing Museum, formerly known as National Central Museum under KMT rule, is the first modern museum and remains as one of the leading museums in China. Other museums include the China Modern History Museum in the Presidential Palace, the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall,  the City Museum of Nanjing, the Taiping Kingdom History Museum, the Nanjing Customs Museum, the Nanjing City Wall Cultural Museum, and a small museum and tomb honoring the 15th century seafaring admiral Zheng He.

Theatre

Most of Nanjing’s major theatres are multi-purpose, used as convention
halls, cinemas, musical halls and theatres on different occasions. The major
theatres include the People’s Convention Hall and the Nanjing Arts and Culture Center. Jiangsu Province Kun Opera is one of the best theatres for Kunqu, China’s oldest stage art. It is considered a conservative and traditional troupe. Nanjing also has professional opera troupes for the Yang, Yue (shaoxing), Xi and Jing (Chinese opera varieties) as well as Suzhou pingtan, spoken theatre, and puppet theatre. You can improve your touristic experience with the China Tours adventure!

 

Jack Li

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