Jinge Temple

On August 26, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Shanxi, Temples, by Jack Li

Except the temples of the Mount Wutai, the Jinge Temple is the second highest in the south. The elevation is 1900 meters high and 15km from the Huai town. In 770, the master Sanzang from India was called to the Mount Wutai and he built the Jinge Temple according the place of Wenshu Bodhisattva was in. People use copper as the tiles and then painted gold on tiles. People call it Jinge. The master supervised the process of built the temple. All the emperors in different dynasties showed the respect to the master Sanzang.

The master is one of the main founders. After he left the Mount Wutai, the monk Hanguan often came to the temple and the temple was famous in the world. In the Ming, Qing Dynasty and the Minguo period, the temple was repaired. Now it has more than 160 rooms. The layout of the temple is there are two yards and a palace which toward the south. In front of the temple, there also have Tianwang Palace and two Zhonggu buildings. In the middle of the first yard has a cabinet, and the Thousand arms Guanyin Copper Statue in it. The statue is 17.7 meters high and the Guanyin has 48 arms. This is the largest statue in the Mount Wutai, it was made by mud outside and then painted gold. The statues of a boy and a girl stand beside the Guanyin Statue. The boy hold a sword in his hand, in a legend the boy and the girl are the parents of the Guanyin. There are 24 statues in the walls of the temple, people call them “24 Zhutian.” A ancient legend in India said that 20 gods to beat the evils and protect goodness people, in Buddhism people call the 20 gods “20 Zhutian.” When the legend spread to China, people added another four gods and changed into “24 Zhutian.” In the southwest corner, there is another statue of the Tangdai Zong Emperor (Li Yu).

The cabinet has two relics of stone pillars. In front of the Jinge temple have two stone monuments of the Jiajing year 36 and 37. Also has a stone monument of the Minguo period year 24. The mark of monuments has the details about the history of the Jinge Temple and how to build the Guanyin Statue. In the north of the first yard have a row of dormitories for monks and in the upstairs have all kinds of palaces. The design of these palaces was complicated, and the Yuhuang Palace and the Sanhuang Palace are most interesting. The Yuhuang is the most powerful god in Taoism, also called Yudi. The Sanhuang means three emperors. It includes Fuxi Shi, Zuiren Shi and Shennong Shi. The three emperors also called Tianhuang, Dihuang and Renhuang.

Jack Li
Tagged with:  

Leave a Reply


Page 1 of 11