Huashan Mountain

On August 22, 2011, in Mountain Areas, Nature Scenery, Xi'an, by Jack Li

Huashan Mountain is a member of the famous Five Mountains, which is 2154.9 meters high. It is in the Huayin city of historical and cultural ancient city, Weinan city, which is 120 kilometers east to Xi’an in Shanxi province, north to the broad and level Weihe Plain and turbulent Yellow River, south to Qinling Mountains. It is a granite mountain which is north to the dividing ridge of a branch of Qinling Mountains. As a national scenic site, the thousands of postures are vividly depicted by the decoration of constant change of the nature.

Huashan Mountain is not only magnificent and dangerous, but also high and deep. It is most famous for its ruggedness and steepness. From ancient times to the present, there is the saying “Huashan Mountain is the most dangerous mountain in the world”. As a result of this, Huashan Mountain has attracted a lot of brave people. The strange adventures can inspire people’s encourage, intelligence and undaunted spirit. When you visit Huanshan Mountain, you can experience the magnificence of Chinese mountains.

Before Tang Dynasty, few people climbed Huashan Mountain for it is too dangerous. Emperors of many dynasties would hold ceremony in the temple at the foot of the mountain. According to Shang Shu, Huashan Mountain was the place where Xuanyuan Emperor met all the celestial beings. While Shih Chi has that Huang Emperor and Shun had come to Huashan Mountain for hunting. It is recorded that Qinzhao Emperor once ordered craftsmen to build ladders to climb Huashan Mountain. There was no way to the top of Huanshan Mountain in Weijin Dynasty. Until Tang Dynasty, as the prosperity of Taoism, people who believe in Taoism began to build a dangerous way alongside the valley of the northern slope, forming the only way of Huashan Mountain for all the time.

Because of its steepness and danger, Huashan Mountain has attracted numerous visitors. The gardens, yards, kiosks and pavilions are all built according to the shape of the mountains ike castles in the air, which look more peculiar with the background of old pines. The mountains are all beautiful and gorgeous but all taking various shapes. The creeks in valley and waterfall in the mountain are full wit and interest. As if cut once by a knife, Huashan Mountain stands erect on the Weihe Plain, with east, south and west sides of the mountain rising abruptly out of the ground. Comparing to the 330 to 400 meters’ height of Weihe Plain, Huashan Mountain with the height of 2154.96 meters, appears more forceful and straight.

Huashan Mountain Attractions

East Peak

South Peak

West Peak

North Peak

Central Peak

Huashan Mountain Story

1. The origin of Huashan Mountain’s name

There are many ways to explain the origin of Huashan Mountain’s name. Generally the origin comes from the shape of Huashan Mountain, which is like a flower. And in the ancient time, Hua and Flower can be used as the same meaning in Chinese, so here comes the name Huashan. It also called Tai Huashan Mountain or West Peak Huashan and consists of Middle Peak (Yunv), East Peak (Chaoyang), West Peak (Lianhua), South Peak (Luoyan) and North Peak (Wuyun) five mountains. When you look at the main peak from a long distance, it is like a ingot as well as lotus with the small mountains around. In front of the Green Cloud Palace of West Peak is the Flower Stone, which is called “Flower Mountain”. Because it is near to the Yellow River, it is regarded as the origin of Huaxia. The pronunciations are similar between Hua and Flower, so people also call the mountain Huashan Mountain. The highest peak is as high as 2154.9 meters, from where you can overview the whole Weihe Plain. Since ancient times, it has been a famous scenic site.

2. Zhenwu Palace

Zhenwu Palace is built for worship the God of North Zhenwu Emperor who dominates the Kyushu. The names of Jiaogong Stone Room, Magical Oil Gong and Magical Cliff all come from the legend of Jiao Daoguang. The legend has that during the period of Wu Emperor of North Zhou Dynasty, there was a Taoist named Daoguang living alone in Yuntai Peak and feeding on nature. There were three blue birds around him and telling him about the future. The emperor heard about him and went to visit the Taoist himself. The emperor also ordered to build palace for Daoguang. When building the palace, there was no soil and oil in the mountain. Daoguang prayed silently and not only the soil came out of the cliff constantly, but also the oil cylinder would be filled with oil and could not be run off. Later people call the place where the soil came out Magical Cliff and the place where the oil cylinder was Magical Oil Gong.

3. The Stone Inscription “February the Second”

Green Dragon Mountain is like a giant dragon which lies between two mountains. With the background of the mountains around, the platform under the mountain is like the twisted dragon tail while the dangerous stone is like the mouth of a dragon turning around and roaring. Under the stone inscription “Cloud Sea” at the dragon mouth, there are four circles. The two on the left only have circles with no centers while the two on the right both have circles and centers. This is the”first logogriph of Huanshan Mountain”. If you study it carefully, you will find that in the pictograph, circle represents the moon while circle with center represents the sun, so the answer to the stone inscription is “February the Second”. It is said that on February 2nd, the dragon will raise up its head, so the inscription under the “Cloud Sea” at the dragon mouth means the wishes for timely rain, which is quite unique and fabulous.

Jack Li

1 Response » to “Huashan Mountain”

  1. Estera says:

    Does anybody know how to book a night at the top of one of Huashan Peaks?

    Thank you in advance :)

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