The Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons was originally the official mansion of Yin Prinz, and then to scholar Fu Heng. It was constructed in the latter years of Kangxi Emperor and transformed into Imperial Garden in the 35 years of Qianlong, named Elegant Spring Garden.

Initially the area did not include the western east part of it. In the forth and sixth year of Jiaqing, two granted palaces were brought into the west part of this palace: one was the Xishuang Country of Chengqin Prinz, Yong Xing and another was the Hanhui Palace of Zhuangjin Heshuo Princess. After large scale of reconstruction, progress and addition, the palace taking a structure over one thousand mu, became one of the important imperial palaces.

Until the Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons was completed, the Yuanming Yuan was in his full bloom. First during Jiaqing period there was a poem “thirty sceneries of the Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons” and then there newly arose over twenty sceneries. At that time the famous ones were Fuchun Hall, Qingxia Fast, Hanqiu Pavilion, Shengdong Shi, and Studio for Four Seasons, Chunze Fast Fenglin Zhou, Weizao Hall, Zhonghe Hall, Pavilion of Green,

Bamboo Grove, Xiyu Shan Hall, Pavalion of Mist and Rain, Hanhui Lou, Chengxin Tang, Changhe Tang, Zhanqing Lofty, Zhangliang Shed, Lingxu Pavalion. There are over one hundred garden buildings which have tablets on them. The gate of Elegant Spring Garden was built in the fourteenth year of Jiaqing(1809). The palace gate was called “New Palace Gate” and kept until now, for it was constructed more than half a century than the first and second palace gate of Yuanming Yuan. Since the beginning of Daoguang, after the reconstruction, the Fuchun Tang area along the east road had been a place for waiting upon empress dowager; while the area along the west road had been living area for Daoguang Emperor. In 1860, the palace was destroyed and after this it changed name into Garden of Ten Thousand Spring Seasons when rebuilt during the period of Tongzhi Emperor.

Yanglou Area and Changchun Palace take up an area of one thousand mu. There are 200 garden building having tablets on them.

Yuanming Yuan 

Jack Li

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