The Terracotta Army or the “Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses”, is a collection of terracotta  sculptures depicting the armies of Qin Sin Huan, the first  emperor of China. Terracotta warriors are located in Xi’an province, so buy your tickets as soon as possible in Air China, and also check out our interesting tours in Xi’an, just click on the following link for additional information… Xi’an Tours

The figures, dating from 3rd century BC, were discovered in 1974 by some local farmers in Lintong District, Xi’an, Shaanxi province, near the Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor.

The figures, according to their roles, were different in height with the tallest being the generals. The figures include warriors, chariots, horses, officials, acrobats, strongmen and musicians. Current estimates are that in the Terracotta Army there were over 8,000 soldiers, 130 chariots with 520 horses and 150 cavalry horses, the majority of which are still buried in the pits.

The Terracotta Army was discovered in the spring of 1974 in the eastern suburbs of Xi’an, Shaanxi Province by a group of farmers who were digging a well on the east of Mount Li (Lishan). The Terracotta Army is a form of funerary art. The army’s purpose was to help Qin Shi Huang to rule another empire in the afterlife.

The Mount Li

According to historian Sima Qian (145-90 BC), construction of this mausoleum began in 246 BC and involved 700,000 workers. Qin Shi Huang was 13 when construction began. He specifically said that no two soldiers would be made alike. First Emperor was buried with palaces, scenic towers, officials, valuable utensils and “wonderful objects,” with 100 rivers fashioned in mercury and above this heavenly bodies below which he wrote were “the features of the earth.” Some translations of this passage refer to “models” or “imitations,” but he does not use those words.

Construction

The terracotta figures are life-sized. They vary in height, uniform and hairstyle in accordance with rank. The coloured lacquer finish, individual facial features, and actual weapons and armor from battle used in manufacturing these figures created a realistic appearance. The original weapons were stolen by robbers shortly after the creation of the army and the colouring has faded greatly. However, their existence serves as a testament to the amount of labor and skill involved in their construction. It also reveals the power the First Emperor possessed, enabling him to command such a monumental undertaking.

Exhibitions

A collection of 120 objects from the mausoleum and 20 terracotta warriors were displayed at the British Museum in London as its special exhibition “The First Emperor: China’s Terracotta Army”. This Terracotta Army exhibition made 2008 the  British Museum’s most successful year ever. The exhibition also brought in the most visitors to the British Museum since the King Tutankhamun exhibition in 1972… So you can’t miss something like that, and it is so much better if you come to China and you can admire the place where they were built and  guarded , just follow this link and we can help you coming to China.. China Travel

Jack Li
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